Avidhava Navami is an auspicious Hindu ritual that is observed on the ‘Navami’ (9th day) of Pitru Paksha (the fortnight devoted to ancestors) period. As per the North Indian calendar, it is observed during the ‘Ashwin Krishna Paksha’ whereas according to the Amavasyant calendar followed in the state of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, Avidhava Navami falls on the ‘Bhadrapada Krishna Paksha Navami’. This observance is dedicated to married women whose death happened before her husband. Therefore Avidhava Navami is a day followed by widowers. On this day instead of Hindu Gods, demigods such as ‘Dhurilochan’ are worshipped. The word ‘dhuri’ implies ‘smoke’ while ‘lochan’ in Hindi means ‘eyes’ and eyes of these demigods remain half closed owing to smoke. On Avidhava Navami, devotees worship to invoke these Gods and seek their blessings. The rituals of Avidhava Navami vary from one region to another and also differ in communities. Avidhava Navami is mainly observed in the northern states of India and is also popularly known as ‘Adukha Navami’.
Avidhava Navami 2017 was on September 14 Thursday
Rituals during Avidhava Navami:
- The rituals of Avidhava Navami for the women should be performed by the eldest son on the ‘Navami’ (9th day) tithi of the Pitru Paksha period.
- Regular Shraddha rituals of tarpan and pinda daan are performed on this day for offering peace and liberation to the soul of the deceased women. Also on Avidhava Navami, Brahmana muthaide bhojana must be arranged. After offering food, the Brahmins are given dakshina that includes saree, blouse piece, kumkum, mirror and flowers.
- In some regions on Avidhava Navami, normal Shraddha rituals are not performed and instead a meal is offered to the soul of the married woman. While in some places, people perform Sankalpa Shraddha on Avidhava Navami whilst some people only do normal Shraddha rituals on this day.
- On Avidhava Navami, unlike other Pitru Paksha Shraddha wherein souls of all forefathers are summoned, on this day the observer beckons his mother (mata), grandmother (maatamahi) and also great grandmother (prapitaamahi). Following this panda pradhana is performed and it is also called as ‘Anvasthaka Shraddha’.
Important Timings On Avidhava Navami
|Sunrise||14-Sep-2017 06:16 AM|
|Sunset||14-Sep-2017 18:27 PM|
|Navami Tithi Begins||13-Sep-2017 22:48 PM|
|Navami Tithi Ends||14-Sep-2017 20:36 PM|
|Place : Ujjain [ India ]|
Significance of Avidhava Navami:
The word ‘Avidhava’ signifies ‘not a widow’ or ‘a Sumangali’. The rituals of Avidhava Navami are therefore performed for women who died as Sumangali. These rituals offer peace to the married woman’s soul after death and she in turn showed blessings on her progenies. According to the Hindu Sashtra, Avidhava Navami should be observed till the husband of the muthaide is alive. This ritual must no longer be followed after the death of one’s father. The Avidhava Navami Shraddha karma is therefore only performed for women ancestors. If for any reason, a person misses to perform the Avidhava Navami rituals then the Shraddha can be performed on ‘Mahalaya Amavasya’.
Avidhava Navami festival dates between 2014 & 2024
|2014||Wednesday, 17th of September|
|2015||Tuesday, 6th of October|
|2016||Saturday, 24th of September|
|2017||Thursday, 14th of September|
|2018||Wednesday, 3rd of October|
|2019||Monday, 23rd of September|
|2020||Friday, 11th of September|
|2021||Thursday, 30th of September|
|2022||Monday, 19th of September|
|2023||Saturday, 7th of October|
|2024||Wednesday, 25th of September|