Jaya Parvati Vrat is a ritualistic fasting day for a period of 5 days. It is observed mainly by married women in the ‘Ashada’ month of the traditional Hindu calendar. For those following the English calendar, this vrat falls between the months of
July-August. The fasting begins from the ‘tritiya’ (13th day) of the ‘Shukla Paksha’ (the period of bright fortnight of moon) in the month of ‘Ashada’ and continues for 5 consecutive days. The fast ends on the ‘Krishna Paksha Tritiya’ (3rd day of
the waning phase of moon) in the ‘Ashada’ month. The Jaya Parvati Vrat is dedicated to worshipping God Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Women, especially in the state of Gujarat and western regions of India, perform this vrat with full devotion and
dedication for the prosperity, peace and welfare of their families. On the fifth day of the vrat, there is also a ritual to keep vigil all night, and it is popularly known as ‘Jaya Parvati Vrat Jagran’.
During this 5-day period of Jaya Parvati Vrat, devotees offer various prayers and puja to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. During this period, Uma Maheshwara puja is also performed.
Fasting is an important ritual of this festival. Married women observe a partial fast on all the 5 days of the Jaya Parvati Vrat. During this time wheat, salt and specific vegetables are avoided by most of the women.
On the 1sat day of the Jaya Parvati Vrat, ‘Javara’ or wheat seeds are sown in a small earthen pot and places near the place of worship. The pot is then worshipped on all 5 days. As a part of ritual a ‘Nagala’ (cotton wool necklace) is decorated
with vermillion or kumkum and offered. The wheat seeds are watered every morning and this ritual continues for 5 days.
Jaya Parvati Vrat Jagran is performed on the last day of this 5-day ritualistic puja. The observer of the Jaya Parvati Vrat must keep vigil or ‘jagran’ all night and chant bhajans and mantras dedicated to Shiva and Parvati. The fast is broken on
the following day of Jaya Parvati Vrat Jagran night by eating food containing salt and wheat only. The grown wheat grass are pulled out from the pot and later immersed in any sacred water body.
The glories of Jaya Parvati Vrat have been known since the ancient times. The legend of the Jaya Parvati Vrat is based on a Brahmin woman who kept this vrat to get back her husband’s life. It is strongly believed that married women who
systematically perform this vrat and puja will enjoy a happy married life and also be blessed with healthy children. As per the traditions, the Jaya Parvati Vrat must be consecutively performed for a period of five or seven years. The fasting during
the Jaya Parvati Vrat Jagran is observed by both married and unmarried women. It is believed that by observing this auspicious vrat young girls will get desirable husband and a blissful married life.
Jaya Parvati Vrata festival dates between 2014 & 2024