Pongal is an ancient celebration for the people of Tamil Nadu that is celebrated for four continuous days. Mattu Pongal is the 3rd day of the Pongal celebrations and is observed on the second day of the Thai month in the Tamil calendar. In the Gregorian calendar it is usually celebrated on either 15th or 16th January. The word ‘mattu’ in Tamil signifies ‘the bull’ and thus the day of Mattu Pongal is dedicated as celebrations of the cattle, especially the bulls as they an important role in helping the farmers to grow crops. Mattu Pongal is the day when people forget their caste, creed or other discriminations and come together to celebrate the new harvest and welcome the new season. Mattu Pongal is celebrated with full fervour and gaiety not only in the state of Tamil Nadu but also in some Southern Indian states like Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

Mattu Pongal 2017 was on January 14 Saturday

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Mattu Pongal

Mattu Pongal

Rituals during Mattu Pongal:

  • During Pongal people clean their house and decorate it with attractive kolams in the front yard. On the first day they draw picture of rice, on second day Sun God and on the day of Mattu Pongal they draw images depicting bull or other livestock.
  • On Mattu Pongal, people give a bath to their cattle and their horns are painted and decorated with radiating metal caps. Flower garlands, tinkling bells and multi-colored beads are tied in their necks. The cattle owners sprinkle saffron water with mango leaves on the cows and offer prayers to protect them from all evils. They worship Lord Krishna and Lord Indra for the growth and prosperity of their cattle population. People worship the cows by touching their forehead and feet. This is followed by an ‘aarti’.
  • On the day of Mattu Pongal a special dish known as ‘Sakkar Pongal’ is prepared from moong dal, cooked rice, dry fruits and jaggery. It is first offered to the cows and later distributed among all as ‘cattle prasad’.
  • Tamils worship Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati and Lord Ganesha during the Pongal celebrations. Several kinds of rice offerings are made to their deities and later offered to the cattle.
  • ‘Manji Virattu’ or ‘Jallikattu’ that is important village sport also forms an integral part of Mattu Pongal celebrations. This activity is observed with full expectations and enthusiasm in the villages of Tamil Nadu. In Jallikattu, young men in the village chase fierce bulls to grab the money tied in their horns. It is observed during the evening of Mattu Pongal day whereas in few villages it is held on Kaanum Pongal, a day following Mattu Pongal.

Important Timings On Mattu Pongal

Sunrise14-Jan-2017 07:14 AM
Sunset14-Jan-2017 17:57 PM
Sankranti Moment14-Jan-2017 07:41 AM
Place : Ujjain [ India ] Time Zone : IST (+05:30)

Related Events

Pongal2017 Jan 14 Saturday
Bhogi2017 Jan 13 Friday
Kaanum Pongal2017 Jan 16 Monday

Significance of Mattu Pongal:

Mattu Pongal is dedicated to the cattle. The word ‘mattu’ means ‘bull’ and ‘pongal’ signifies ‘prosperity’. The festival marks the beginning of the harvest of the paddy (rice) fields. According to the Hindu legends, the observance of Mattu Pongal is linked with the story of Lord Shiva and Nandi, His bull. This day is also very renowned for the bull taming sport called as ‘Jallikattu’ or ‘Manji Virattu’. The celebration of Mattu Pongal is a form of thanksgiving to the livestock, particularly the cows and bulls. In India, cows and bulls hold a special place as cows offer nourishment in the form of milk and the bulls help the farmers in ploughing the land for cultivation.

Mattu Pongal festival dates between 2014 & 2024

YearDate
2014Wednesday, 15th of January
2015Friday, 16th of January
2016Saturday, 16th of January
2017Sunday, 15th of January
2018Monday, 15th of January
2019Wednesday, 16th of January
2020Thursday, 16th of January
2021Friday, 15th of January
2022Saturday, 15th of January
2023Monday, 16th of January
2024Tuesday, 16th of January
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