Mauni Amavasya, also known as ‘Mauna Amavasya’ is a unique Hindu tradition observed on the ‘amavasya’ (no moon day) during the Hindu month of ‘Magha’. It falls during the month of January-February as per the Gregorian calendar. Mauni Amavasya is also referred as ‘Maghi Amavasya’ as it observed in the month of ‘Magha’. The word ‘mauni’ or ‘mauna’ signifies silence, therefore on this chosen day, most of the Hindus observe complete silence. There is another significant ritual associated with this day known as ‘’Mauni Amavasya Snan’. This practice of taking a holy bath is very predominant during the ‘Kumbh Mela’ and ‘Magha Mela’.
Mauni Amavasya is a day dedicated for spiritual sadhna. This practice is very popular in different parts of the country, especially in northern India. The celebrations of this festival are very distinguished in Allahabad, in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. During the Kumbh Mela in Prayag (Allahabad), Mauni Amavasya is the most important day for bathing in the holy Ganges and is popularly referred as the day of ‘Kumbh Parva’ or ‘Amrit Yoga’. In Andhra Pradesh, Mauni Amavasya is celebrated as ‘Chollangi Amavasya’ and it is also known as ‘Darsh Amavasya’ in other regions of India. Mauni Amavasya is therefore a day to attain knowledge, happiness and wealth.
Mauni Amavasya 2017 was on January 27 Friday
Rituals during Mauni Amavasya:
- The devotees get up early on the day of Mauni Amavasya to take holy dip in the Ganges at sunrise. If a person cannot visit any pilgrimage destination on this day, he/she must add little Ganga ‘jal’ to the bathing water. It is widespread belief that while taking bath, one must remain quiet. On this day devotees also worship Lord Brahma and recite the ‘Gayatri mantra’.
- After finishing the bathing ritual, devotees then sit down for meditation. Meditation is a practice that helps to concentrate and attain inner peace. On the day of Mauni Amavasya any wrong actions must be avoided.
- Some of the devotees observe complete ‘mauna’ or silence on the day of Mauni Amavasya. They abstain from speaking all day long and only meditate to attain the state of oneness with self. This practice is known as ‘Mauna Vrat’. If a person cannot keep, mauna vrat, for the complete day, he/she must maintain silence until finishing the puja rituals.
- On the day of Mauni Amavasya, thousand of Hindu devotees along with the ‘kalpavasis’ take a holy dip in ‘Sangam’ at Prayag and spend the rest of the day in meditation.
- In the Hindu religion, the day of Mauni Amavasya is also appropriate for relieving pirtu dosh. People offer ‘tarpan’ to their ‘pitrs’ or ancestors to seek forgiveness and attain their blessings. On this day people offer food to dog, crow, cow and kusht rogi.
- Offering charity is another important ritual for the day. ‘Magha’ is an important month in the Hindu calendar. On this day people donate food, clothes and other essentials to the poor and needy people. There is also a ritual of offering sesame (til) oil to Shani Dev.
Important Timings On Mauni Amavasya
|Sunrise||27-Jan-2017 07:12 AM|
|Sunset||27-Jan-2017 18:07 PM|
|Amavasya Tithi Begins||27-Jan-2017 05:01 AM|
|Amavasya Tithi Ends||28-Jan-2017 05:37 AM|
|Place : Ujjain [ India ]|
Significance of Mauni Amavasya:
In the Hindu religion, practicing silence or ‘mauna’ forms an integral part of spiritual discipline. The word ‘mauni’ comes from another Hindi word ‘muni’ meaning a ‘sanyasi’ (saint), who is a person practicing silence. Hence the term ‘mauna’ aptly symbolizes attaining oneness with self. In the ancient times, renowned Hindu guru Adi Shankaracharya himself stated ‘mauna’ to be one among the three foremost attributes of a saint. In the modern times, Ramana Maharshi, a Hindu Guru propagated the practice of silence for spiritual attainment. For him silence is more powerful than thought or speech and it unites an individual with its self. An individual must practice Mauni Amavasya to calm a restless mind.
The practice of taking a dip in the holy waters is also very significant for Hindu followers. As per the Hindu scriptures, it is believed that on the auspicious day of Mauni Amavasya, the water in the holy river of Ganges turns nectar. Therefore on this day devotees from far and wide take a bath in the holy Ganga River. Not only this, the whole of the month of ‘Magha’ right from ‘Paush Purnima’ to ‘Magha Purnima’ is ideal for the bathing ritual, but the most significant is the day of Mauni Amavasya.
Mauni Amavasya festival dates between 2014 & 2024
|2014||Thursday, 30th of January|
|2015||Tuesday, 20th of January|
|2016||Monday, 8th of February|
|2017||Friday, 27th of January|
|2018||Tuesday, 16th of January|
|2019||Monday, 4th of February|
|2020||Friday, 24th of January|
|2021||Thursday, 11th of February|
|2022||Tuesday, 1st of February|
|2023||Saturday, 21st of January|
|2024||Friday, 9th of February|