Pitru Paksha also referred as the ‘fortnight of the ancestors) is a form of tradition observed by the Hindus to pay homage to their ‘pitrs’ or ancestors. It extends for a period of 16 days starting from the Purnima (full moon day) and ending on the new moon day, during the lunar month of ‘Ashvin’ of the Hindu calendar. In the western and south India, this ritual is observed during the Hindu month of ‘Bhadrapada’. This time falls during the month of September-October in the English calendar. Pitru Paksha begins after the festival of ‘Ganesh Chaturthi’ and the last day is the most significant one and is popularly known as ‘Mahalaya Amavasya’, ‘Pitru Amavasya’, ‘Sarvapitri Amavasya’, ‘Peddala Amavasya’ or just ‘Mahalaya’.
The period of Pitru Paksha is believed to be inauspicious by the Hindus due to the death rites performed in the rituals. This ceremony is known as ‘tarpan’ or ‘Shraddha’. The Shraddha is performed for three generation of ‘Pitrs’. During this time the Hindus offer food and prayers to the ancestors. This practice is done to remove any ‘pitru dosh’ to ensure that the family stays blessed. The rituals during the Pitru Paksha are performed only by the male members in the family. Moreover the Pitru Paksha rituals vary from region to region.
Pitrupaksha 2017 was on September 06 Wednesday
Guidelines for Pitru Paksha:
- The rituals of the Shraddha or tarpan are performed by a male member, generally the eldest son in the family. On the day, the observer of Pitru Paksha takes a bath a bath and wears a dhoti and ring made from Kush grass. As per the Hindu scriptures, the Kush grass is symbolic of compassion and used as a means to invoke the ancestors.
- Pind daan, the tradition of offering sesame seeds, rice and balls made of barley flour is observed after this. The rituals of the Pitru Paksha are performed under the guidance of a knowledgeable priest. Following this, the blessings of Lord Vishnu are invoked using another sacred grass called as ‘darbha grass’. This form of grass is known for its unobstructed growth and therefore it is believed that the use of the Darbha grass will eliminate obstacles in one’s life.
- On the chosen day of Pitru Paksha, food is especially prepared for offering to the ancestors. It is a practice of offering a part of this food to crow, as a crow is considered to be a messenger of Lord Yama. If the crow eats the food, it is believed to be an auspicious sign. Following this, a Brahmin priest is made to eat food and given a ‘dakshina’ for performing the ceremony. After completing all these rituals the members of the family sit together and have their meal.
- During Pitru Paksha, reading sacred Hindu scriptures like ‘Agni Purana’, ‘Garuda Purana’, and different stories of Ganga Avataram and Nachiketa is greatly recommended.
Important Timings On Pitrupaksha
|Sunrise||06-Sep-2017 06:14 AM|
|Sunset||06-Sep-2017 18:35 PM|
|Aparahna Kaal||13:39 PM - 16:07 PM|
|Kutup Muhurat||12:00 PM - 12:49 PM|
|Rohina Muhurat||12:49 PM - 13:39 PM|
|Place : Ujjain [ India ]|
Significance of Pitru Paksha:
Pitru Paksha also known as ‘’Pitri Pokkho’, ‘Apara Paksha’, ‘Peddala Amavasya’, ‘Jitiya’ or ‘Sola Shraddha’ is a compulsory ceremony observed by Hindus. It is believed that by performing the rites of Shraddha, the soul of their ancestors goes to heaven. All the rituals during Pitru Paksha are performed by the son as it written in ‘Garuda Purana’ that a man can get salvation only after having a son. As per the Hindu mythology it is believed that the departed souls of the ancestors rest in peace only after the completion of the Shraddha ceremonies. Various Hindu scriptures like ‘Markandeya Purana’ state that when the ancestors are contended with the tarpan, they bestow the performer of the rituals with wealth, knowledge and a good healthy life.
Things to be avoided during the period of Pitru Paksha:
- The time for Pitru Paksha is considered inappropriate for any new beginnings. Therefore starting a new activity or venture is prohibited during this period.
- People even abstain from buying or wearing during new clothes. During Pitru Paksha washing and cutting hair or shaving is also prohibited, more so on the last day, that is, Mahalaya Amavasya. Also consuming onion, garlic or non-vegetarian food is strictly not allowed.
- As per the astronomical calculations, auspicious events like marriage, child naming ceremony or entering a new home should be done in advance or postponed so that it does not fall during Pitru Paksha.
Pitrupaksha festival dates between 2014 & 2024
|2014||Tuesday, 9th of September|
|2015||Monday, 28th of September|
|2016||Saturday, 17th of September|
|2017||Wednesday, 6th of September|
|2018||Tuesday, 25th of September|
|2019||Saturday, 14th of September|
|2020||Wednesday, 2nd of September|
|2021||Tuesday, 21st of September|
|2022||Saturday, 10th of September|
|2023||Friday, 29th of September|
|2024||Wednesday, 18th of September|