Pongal is celebrated as the most important harvest festival in Tamil Nadu. It commemorates the blessings of the Sun God that leads to a good harvest and prosperity in life. It derives its name from the special sweet dish that is prepared on this day to be offered to the God of worship.

Pongal 2017 was on January 14 Saturday

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Pongal

Pongal

When is Pongal celebrated?

Pongal is celebrated in the tenth Tamil month of Thai. It is a four day long festival that commences on the last day of the month of Margazhi and ends on the third day of Thai. According To the Gregorian calendar, it falls between 13-16th of January every year.

Story behind Pongal

  • The most famous story behind Pongal is that of Lord Krishna in Gokula. Lord Indra, the God of rains flooded Gokula out of rage. Lord Krishna saved the people of the village by lifting the huge Govardhana Mountain on his little finger. Finally Lord Indra seeked forgiveness and redeemed prosperity to the people of Gokula.
  • Another story is of Nandi, the famous bull of Lord Shiva. Once the deity asked Nandi to go on earth and preach the message that people on earth should eat only once a month and have a bath everyday. But Nandi did just the opposite. He spread the message that 'humans should eat everyday and take a bath only once a month'. This left Lord Shiva enraged and he ordered Nandi to remain on Earth and help humans in reaping a harvest so that they could have enough food for them to be consumed everyday.

Rituals of Pongal

The celebration of Pongal is a four day long festival:-

  • The first day is celebrated as Bhogi Pongal---This day is dedicated to Lord Indra. On this day people light bonfires in front of their houses and all old clothes and stuff are burnt in the sacred fire. Houses are cleaned and decorated with 'kolams' made of rice flour paste and red mud. Cow dung cakes and pumpkin flowers are also used for decoration.
  • The second day is celebrated as Surya Pongal---first day of 'Thai' and is dedicated to the Sun God. People cook the traditional sweet dish called 'pongal' made of rice and lentils boiled in milk and jaggery. This is offered to the Lord and large images of the Sun God are made over the ground for worship.
  • The third day is celebrated as Mattu Pongal - this is dedicated to the cattle which are considered an inevitable part of the agricultural society. The cows and oxen are given a bath, decorated with ornaments and flowers and are offered the 'pongal' that was cooked for worship. Bull fights are organized on this day as part of the festive spirit of Pongal.
  • The final day is Kanya Pongal - on this day sisters pray for the health and well-being of their brothers. This day is also dedicated to the fowl and birds and cooked rice in the form of small pellets is fed to them.

Important Timings On Pongal

Sunrise14-Jan-2017 07:14 AM
Sunset14-Jan-2017 17:57 PM
Sankranti Moment14-Jan-2017 07:41 AM
Place : Ujjain [ India ] Time Zone : IST (+05:30)

Related Events

Bhogi2017 Jan 13 Friday
Mattu Pongal2017 Jan 15 Sunday
Kaanum Pongal2017 Jan 16 Monday

Pongal festival dates between 2014 & 2024

YearDate
2014Tuesday, 14th of January
2015Thursday, 15th of January
2016Friday, 15th of January
2017Saturday, 14th of January
2018Sunday, 14th of January
2019Tuesday, 15th of January
2020Wednesday, 15th of January
2021Thursday, 14th of January
2022Friday, 14th of January
2023Sunday, 15th of January
2024Monday, 15th of January
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