What is blood cancer - Symptoms, Stages and Treatment
Blood cancer - definition and concept
Cancerous formation can attack any organic system of the human physiology. As part of blood cancer, the rapidly multiplying cancerous cells are found attacking the different aspects of the circulatory system. Besides blood and the lymphatic system; the bone marrow can also be the focus of attack.
Blood cancer - its kinds and types
Primarily, there are three basic types of blood cancer. Each of the variety may also include several variations, but in general this cancer is categorized into the following kinds
- Leukemia- With spurt in the multiplicity of cancerous cells affecting either the marrow or the blood; the ability of the circulatory system to produce blood is severely impaired with.
- Lymphoma- The cancerous formation affecting the lymphocytes is referred to as the lymphoma. Lymphocytes are one of the varieties of white blood corpuscles.
- Myeloma- As part of Myeloma, the plasma (another variety of WBC) is affected by the cancerous formation.
Symptoms of blood cancer
Symptoms of leukemia.
Leukemia marked by an acute destruction of health sustaining red blood cells includes the symptoms of anemia, weakness and extreme fatigue. Consequently one affected by it is likely to sweat and come under bouts of breath shortness in course of performing day to day activities of the regular kind. Vulnerability to infection and swelling of the lymph nodes are some of the other fallouts of Leukemia. Blood tests are likely to present higher counts of white blood corpuscles.
Leukemia can be chronic or acute. A person afflicted with the latter type may not exhibit any of these symptoms. On the other hand, in leukemia of the acute type, the symptoms are likely to manifest with rapid intensity.
Symptoms pertaining to lymphoma.
One of the most common symptoms of lymphoma includes swollen lymphatic node because this cancer essentially revolves around the lymphatic cells. The swelling is mostly painless in nature. Some of the other indications include loss of weight and appetite, fever, sudden bouts of chill and night sweating.
Certain variety of leukemia is also associated with coughing, fatigue, fullness of abdomen and extreme fatigue. Itching, nausea and food aversion may also set in.
Symptoms pertaining to myeloma.
The initial stage may well go free of symptoms. But with the gradual prognosis of the disease, there ought to be generic feel of fatigue, painful back, susceptibility to infection, breath shortness, bouts of numbness and that of chest pain. Kidney problems are likely to develop on account of myeloma. Blood tests taken are likely to indicate abnormal clusters of plasma cells.
The different stages of blood cancer
Depends on the rate of metastasis.
There are different yards sticks to distinguish blood cancer into different stages according to the symptoms of prognosis and rate of metastasis.
Four different phases of chronic leukemia.
The first phase is marked by an enlarged presence of lymph nodes. This happens owing to the spurt in the count of lymphocytes. The risk level at this stage is intermediate because at this stage of prognosis, the cancer is yet to spread and affect other physical organs.
The second stage is marked by the enlarged presence of spleen as well as liver; in addition to that of the lymph nodes. If not both the organs, at least one of them apart from lymph nodes is affected at the second stage. There is a massive swing in the growth of lymphocytes. The risk level is still moderate.
The next stage or the third stage is marked by the development of anemia. The aforementioned organs are still likely to remain swollen. In general two or more organs are likely to be affected at the third stage of cancerous development.
The fourth and last phase is marked by a drastic fall in the rate of blood platelets. In the last stage the cancerous development can also affect lungs besides the ones already affected. Anemia is likely to be more acute. Both the third as well as the last phase are more risky from the viewpoint of the sufferer.
Curability of blood cancer and the stages involved
The latest piece of news with regard to the curability of blood cancer.
According, to one of the most recent findings, researchers have come up with a curative alternative to blood cancer. The medication seeks to block the release of irregular enzymes accountable for the metastasis of blood cancer. Surfeit of protein accountable for the enlargement and increase of cancerous cells are likely to be blocked as well by the researched medication.
Even until some years back, it couldn't be categorically affirmed as to the curable deals of blood cancer. But according to the practitioners and faculty involved in research oriented studies, the first stage of blood cancer responded better to the deals of curability more than the others.
To go by the practitioners and advocates of alternate therapeutic measures to cancer cure, blood cancer is curable even in its second and the third stages.
Natural treatment of blood cancer
Some of the common avenues of treatment.
Other than chemo and radiotherapy, the conventional modes of treatment for blood cancer include attempts at stem cells and bone marrow transplantations.
Herbal deals in leukemia/blood cancer cure.
Certain herbs, at least two varieties of herbs known by the names of 'Garcinia Mangostana' and 'xanothenes' have been found to be effective with respect of leukemia. The herbs and compounds based on them have reflected intrinsic potential of growth inhibiting features.
Importance of antioxidants.
It has commonly been observed that people particularly the kids undergoing treatment for blood cancer, respond better to curative measures if there isn't a drastic cut in the intensity of antioxidants. So, even with allopathic remedial options, it is important to go for a diet rich in greens and antioxidants, in order to add to the supportive base of the treatment.
Children oriented to a balanced diet with an adequate supply of greens and raw fruits are less likely to develop blood cancer/leukemia.
What demography is more prone to blood cancer?
It may run in the family.
Heredity/family history is one of the likely factors making one more prone to blood cancer than those without family history.
Exposure to radiation and carcinogenic chemicals.
These uncalled for exposures also add to the risk of developing blood cancer. Smoking is another incentive.
Those infected by HIV all come under the risky demography prone to blood cancer.
Age group and blood cancer.
Though it is probable amongst different age groups, the recently taken statistics point to the increased possibility amongst the older age groups.
Race and blood cancer.
It has also been observed that whites are more susceptible to leukemia/blood cancer.
Prevention of blood cancer
Healthy lifestyle with specialized focus on balanced diet.
In fact, health of nutrition and that of living can go a long way in combating blood cancer. Instead of freaking out on dollops of sugar and that of dressed meat items, one ideally needs to fall back on the organic greens.
Avoiding the fad for junk food and going back on a nutritious platter with abundance of green can add to the prevention of blood cancer.
Dressed meat/fish items have been identified as one of the incentives to blood cancer. So, they need to be avoided as well.
Trans or saturated fat is congenial to the development of this dreaded disease. So together with dressed items and that of starch, one needs to go low in this category as well.
Eat, drink and breathe in fresh air.
It is also important to stay away from the destructive sway of herbicides and chemicals. There are needs to minimize the risky bouts of radiation as it is another point of abetment.
Besides depending on a judicious blend of diet and rest, regularized regimen of exercise with abundant exposure to the unpolluted deals of natural fresh is another incentive to blood cancer prevention. Regularized schedule of exercising over a bare minimum period of half an hour can be pretty effective.
Due safety measures to be adopted.
People working in nuclear, chemical or dye making plants belong to the risk category of blood cancer. Thus, they need to opt for safety measures so that the exposure to the deals of radiation and that of chemicals are minimized.
Adding to the strength of the immunological system.
It also pays because people immunologically strong are better capacitate in resisting diseases including blood cancer.
Survival rate in blood cancer-Statistical figures
Statistical orientation is given to the inputs gathered over a given period of time. The figures are gathered by different organizations According to a figure gathered by 'Leukemia and Lymphoma Society', in the year 2011 around 1,012,533 people have been found recovering from different stages of blood cancer. It includes all the three types of blood cancer. The statistical count relates to the people of U.S.A