What about Actinic Keratosis (Aks)?

Watch your skin breath with life and vigor, not in midst of deadly skin lesions that could lead to skin cancer.

We cannot foresee death, but with knowledge, we could protect our skin from Actinic Keratosis skin cancer

Lesions may seem to fade off quietly, but you never know when they start reacting on the body, so that’s why we have specially created this section for you.

Educate yourself about Actinic Keratosis and also learn about the varied symptoms that have been noticed around the world.

We cannot forsee death, but with knowledge, we could protect our skin from Actinic Keratosis skin cancer.

Is Actinic Keratosis treatable?

Yes, it is.

The earlier you notice stubborn multicolored warts, boils, bumpy lesions, we again advise you – to get it checked!

So, Actinic Keratosis, better known as Aks, is a form of early cancer. If left unattended, this is what could develop into one of most common forms of cancer called Squamous cell carcinoma or otherwise the SCC.

How to treat Actinic Keratosis (Aks)?

The procedure will go as follows:

  1. First, the physician will do a thorough examination of the patient.
  2. If the wounds or lesions look reddish, or have dried sores within- they would recommend a biopsy.
  3. Then, a small portion of the wound/lesion is shaved off with the help of a scalpel.
  4. Instead of a scalpel, in some cases a curette is used. It holds a ring shaped edge and is used to scrape the wart or lesion, so that it can be given for testing.

 

What are the surgical procedures for Aks?

In most cases, the below-listed treatments are undertaken:

Curettage and Desiccation

If the lesion does not seem to spread too much or rather if the physician feels that the situation can be controlled- they use this method.

Here, a chemical substance is applied on the wound. This would infuse heat into the skin.

Sometimes, direct heat is also applied. This wouldn’t burn the skin, but an internal cell killing process would go on. The procedure in some cases include an electrocautery needle, which would be used to pierce and clean the lesions. During the process, local anaesthesia is applied on the person.

Since a bit of bleeding will occur, that can be put to a control with the help of triochloroacetic acid.

What does the Curettage and Desiccation process do?

It burns off the skin and also the sores beneath the skin – that is visible to the naked eye. This treatment is believed to help to kill AK cells right in the early stages of cancer.

Cryosurgery

During this treatment, the physician uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the AK wounds. Once frozen, they leave it still for some time. This allows the wound to freeze a bit more deeply into the skin, then will blister away and the procedure finally ends when the problematic skin and its connected lesions and sores fall off.

What does the Cryosurgery process do?

It freezes the flesh, veins, and muscles of a given affected area to a certain point- whereby blood flow stops and the internal growth of cells are brought to a halt.

This puts a sudden barrier between the cells and since the frozen cells are no more connected to the rest of the physical body- it will wither and fall off.

Laser Surgery

As you know how the laser works, here laser lights are used. Intense rays of light from the laser machine are directed into the wound. This helps to quickly burn off the AK cells and thereby killing its chances to further grow and spread itself to the rest of the body.

What does the Laser Surgery process do?

Nothing, but in simple words, it burns the cells within without the patient feeling the tinge of heat or much of pain.

Are there Topical Treatments for AKs?

You’ll be surprised at the number of medicines that the medical industry has to offer.

Just listed a couple of medicines for a rough guidance:

Chemical Peel:

This is the most popular treatment method for Actinic Keratosis. A very simple procedure whereby the physician applies some chemical mix like trichloroacetic acid and this help to burn off the outer skin, sores, warts, reddish patches that develop on the face.

The 5- Fluorouracil:

A cream that contains a mix of 5 ingredients and used as a milder option to chemotherapy. Just chemical peels, its job is to heat, burn and discard the AK cells without much pain or pressure.

Imiquimod:

Heard of Immunotherapy? Well, this is a form of stress-free topical immunotherapy. A chemical based cream, that reacts on the immune system. It aids the immune system to create Interferon, which is an agent within the body to create chemicals that hinder the growth and survival of precancerous and cancerous cells.

The list doesn’t end here because medical research keeps getting better all the time!