The bacterial infection affecting pharynx, larynx and tonsil; strep throat originates in streptococcal bacteria. Technically known as 'streptococcal pharyngitis'; strep throat is highly contagious by nature.
Various Causes of Strep Throat
- A bacteria by the name of group 'A 'streptococcal'is responsible for causing the infection.
- Non group A beta- hemolytic streptococci may also cause strep throat.
- Fusobacterium may also bring about streptococcal pharyngitis.
- Direct contact with infected persons cause this infection, because this disease is not air or water borne.
- Only in a small percentage of cases contaminated food may lead to it.
- However coming into contact with the infected object may lead to it.
Symptoms of Strep Throat
- Besides the commonly existing symptoms of fever and sore throat; the other manifestations of strep throat exhibit within three days of being affected with the infection.
- Generally temperature crosses the normal body temperature of 100 degree of Fahrenheit.
- There may be occasional rashes on the palate.
- It is common to have muscle pain and head ache during the spell of infection.
- Enlargement of tonsil is another common feature.
- There may be pus accumulation on tonsil.
Diagnoses for Strep Throat
- One of the diagnostic measures includes culture of throat after taking a swab of the same.
- By way of another test known as 'rapid strep test' presence of antigen is detected in the throat swab.
- There is another yardstick of detection by which the mentioned criteria of cough, inflammation in lymph nodes, temperature and swelling in tonsil are taken note of, with one point being given for each criterion.
Effects of strep throat on Children
- Children belonging to the age group of five to fifteen are most susceptible to strep throat. It can also happen to adults.
- But on account of school and group based interaction amongst small children, they are more prone to this contagious bacterial infection.
- In case it is left without proper medication and care; serious complications can be expected.
- Infection may spread to sinus, chest and ear. It may also develop into scarlet fever.
Treatment for Strep Throat
- Antibiotic is the mostly recommended as a curative means of strep throat.
- Usually Penicillin, Amoxicillin and Benzedrine Penicillin are prescribed.
- For people allergic to Penicillin, Erythrosine is prescribed.
- Anti inflammatory medications in paracetomol and actominophaine are also prescribed.
Self care to prevent Strep Throat and to prevent spreading of Infection
- As part of self care regimen; certain tips may come in handy. Like patients down with this infection may go for gurgling in warm water with a dash of salt added to it as a natural disinfectant.
- Drinking warm beverage containing dash of honey and ginger will actively help in doing away with soreness.