1. Overweight in early pregnancy linked with increased rate of cerebral palsy.

2. Offspring's lung health at risk due to High-fat diet during pregnancy


1. Overweight in early pregnancy linked with increased rate of cerebral palsy.

Despite huge strides in global obstetric and neonatal care, the prevalence of cerebral palsy in new-borns have increased substantially in children born at full term. 

Now according to a study appearing in a recent international research, being overweight or obese early in pregnancy  has been found to be associated with increased rates of cerebral palsy in children.

Maternal overweight and obesity have always been associated with a number of risks , including that of preterm delivery,obesity in the infant asphyxia-related neonatal complications, and congenital malformations, which in turn are associated with increased risks of cerebral palsy. 

It is still not sure if the risk of cerebral palsy in offspring is something that increases with maternal overweight and obesity severity and what could possibly be the mechanisms leading to it.

Analysis of the data indicated that maternal overweight (body mass index [BMI] of 25 to 29.9) and increasing grades of obesity (BMI 30 or greater) were associated with increasing rates of cerebral palsy. 

The linkage is of great public health relevance due to the large proportion of women who are overweight or obese these days. In a recent national survey it was found that approximately half of all pregnant women come for their first prenatal visit as overweight or obese.

2. Offspring's lung health at risk due to High-fat diet during pregnancy

A recent mouse study conducted by the Oregon Health and Science University researchers put forward that consistent consumption of fat-intense foods can lead to respiratory problems in the off-spring.

The researchers note that the results demonstrate how a high-fat diet for the pregnant mother increased airway resistance (resistance to air flow through the respiratory tract, a hallmark feature of asthma) in the offspring.

A high-fat diet during pregnancy and nursing creates immune cell variances that increase the risk of asthma and allergies. Even though reducing fat in the offspring's diet after birth may help offset the health risks associated with the mother's lifestyle, some of the damage might already be done.

The article was published in Physiological Reports.

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