Pregnancy is a beautiful phase when a woman enters motherhood. Clad to it comes many challenges like nausea and vomiting during the early stages of pregnancy to bloating in the later stages. But there is one symptom, a skin condition that is not discussed at length and is mostly common during pregnancy - MELASMA

 WHAT IS MELASMA?

Ofen referred as 'pregnancy mask', it involves the occurrence of brown/gray patches on the skin, mostly on the face of the women. 

CAUSES:

The facial skin discoloration is common in women with light to medium skin tones and happens due to the following reasons:

  •  Hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy
  •  Sun Exposure
  •  Birth Control Pills or any medication that is prone to pigmentation 

The common procedure of occurrence is when melanocytes, the skin cells producing melanin becomes active and remains in the same stage. This results in more pigment production making the skin darker. 

Even though there is an increased level of changes in hormones during pregnancy with the heightened production of progesterone, estrogen and melanocyte-stimulating hormone levels but studies have shown the increased levels of progesterone to be the primary cause of melasma during pregnancy. 

 

PRECAUTIONS

  •  If you see a patch on your face during your pregnancy, you should consult your dermatologist who can detect whether the pigmentation is in the top layers or deeper and may suggest suitable treatments. 
  • If you have itchy skin, pain or tenderness apart from skin discoloration, you should immediately see your dermatologist. 
  • It is important to avoid the sun if you are too concerned about your skin or diagnosed for melasma. Sunscreens with UVA/UVB with an SPF of 50 above will be effective and are considered safe. Above all, try to rest and stay in the shade as much as possible. 
  •  Creams with glycolic acid chemical and azelaic acid are effective against melasma but the physician should be consulted before the usage.

Natural Ways to treat Melasma:

Although, melasma is not a life threating or dangerous skin condition but according to American Academy of Dermatology, it can cause discomfort and embarrassment in the public. We explore some amazing remedies that will help to reduce the pigmentation.

 

 1. Cocoa butter 

This is a popular moisturiser that is used as a remedy for damaged hair and skin. Cocoa butter has incredible properties to restore damaged cells and tissues of the skin and reverse the effects of melasma.  

Apply cocoa butter on the skin and leave it overnight; wash it with soap in the morning. 

2. Oatmeal 

A mixture of complex carbohydrate and protein, Oatmeals are considered healthy breakfast food. Oatmeals also act as a exfoliate that gets rid of the discolored dead skin cells for generation of new skin cells.  

To reduce the skin pigmentation, apply oatmeal on the skin for 30 minutes. Gently wipe off the skin with soap afterward. 

3. Onion water 

Onion may not be pleasant to your nose but the sulfur components present in the onion can get rid of the darkened skin patches to original skin color. Not only that, onion water even repair damaged skin cells and aids in new skin creation. 

Leave the mixture of Onion water and apple cider vinegar on the affected skin for an hour before washing off with water. 

4. Almond butter 

Almond butter with high levels of Vitamin E, serves more than just a delicious snack. It has impeccable properties to soothe and repair the skin in conditions like melasma. 

Apply almond butter on the affected skin area and allow it to dry. After an hour, wash the skin with cold water.  

5. Lemon juice 

Acid in the lemon is strong enough to lighten the skin and promote the growth of new cells. 

Dilute the lemon juice with water and apply on the skin. After 20-25 minutes, rinse your skin with water.