The Union Cabinet on Wednesday gave its approval for an extradition treaty between India and Lithuania, said an official.
The treaty will provide a legal framework for seeking extradition of terrorists, economic offenders and other criminals from and to Lithuania.
The decision was taken at a cabinet meeting presided over by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
"The treaty will help in extradition of fugitive criminals including terrorists for criminal prosecutions from Lithuania who may have committed crimes against India. It will bring the criminals to justice," an official release said.