Avani Avittam also known as ‘Upakramam’, meaning beginning or commencement, marks the beginning of study of vedas and is a significant ritual for Brahmin community in Kerala (Malayalam: ആവണി അവിട്ടം) and Tamil Nadu (Tamil: ஆவணி அவிட்டம்). It is observed on the Shravan Purnima (full moon day) of the traditional Hindu calendar, which is the also the day of Raksha Bandhan in North India.

Avani Avittam 2021 is on August 22, Sunday

5 months and 17 days to go for the event

Avani Avittam

The word Avani implies the Tamil month and Avittam is one among the 27 Nakshatras. Brahmin communities in all corners of the world observe the Avani Avittam ritual with full dedication and devotion. The Yajur Vedic Brahmins begin reading Yajur Veda on this day for next six months.

On Avani Avittam, Brahmins are bestowed with a holy thread and it is believed that the third eye (eye of wisdom) opens up. Avani Avittam is celebrated with immense zeal in Orissa, Maharashtra and southern states of India and is also known as ‘Janeyu Purnima’ or ‘Jandhyala Purnima’.

Rituals during Avani Avittam:

On the day of Avani Avittam a sacred vow or ‘Mahasankalpam’ is taken for compensation of the sins committed in the past year. Sacred mantras are chanted during this time.

Brahmins get up at sunrise and take a holy dip. On Avani Avittam Brahmins wear a new sacred thread called as ‘Janeyu’ or ‘Yajnopavit’. It is the most important ritual on Avani Avittam and Vedic mantras are chanted during this time. It is usually a community observance that is performed on the banks of a river or pond.

After wearing the new thread or Janeyu, the older one is discarded to signify a new beginning.

Important Timings On Avani Avittam 2021

Sunrise22 August, 2021 06:09 AM.
Sunset22 August, 2021 06:49 PM.
Purnima Tithi Begins21 August, 2021 07:00 PM.
Purnima Tithi Ends22 August, 2021 05:31 PM.
Place : Ujjain [ India ] See More
Image Source: IANS

Significance of Avani Avittam:

The festival of Avani Avittam signifies a new beginning of learning Veda. In the Hindu mythology, this day is considered very auspicious as Lord Vishnu incarnated as Lord Hayagriva, the God of knowledge, on this day. Lord Hayagriva was the one who reinstated the Vedas to Lord Brahma. This day is also celebrated as Hayagriva Jayanti.

Avani Avittam holds immense importance to Yajur, Sama and Rig Vedic Brahmins. Avani Avittam is also celebrated as the day to express gratitude towards the Rishis for the spiritual knowledge and ancestors for their existence. The day after Avani Avittam is celebrated as Gayatri Japam.

Avani Avittam festival dates between 2018 & 2028

2018Sunday, 26th of August
2019Thursday, 15th of August
2020Monday, 3rd of August
2021Sunday, 22nd of August
2022Thursday, 11th of August
2023Wednesday, 30th of August
2024Monday, 19th of August
2025Saturday, 9th of August
2026Thursday, 27th of August
2027Monday, 16th of August
2028Saturday, 5th of August

Other Related Festivals