Gudi Padwa is the Marathi New Year and is the New Year as per the luni-solar Chaitradi Hindu calendar. Chaitradi (chaitra-aadi) means 'beginning with Chaitra' and denotes a calendar system that considers the month of Chaitra as the start of new year. Going by tithi calendar, Gudi padwa falls on Chaitra Shuddha Padyami, meaning 1st day (Pardipada tithi) of Shukla paksha in the month of Chaitra.

Gudi Padwa 2019 was on April 06, Saturday

Next year, ie., 2020 Gudi Padwa is on March 25, Wednesday

Image Source: IANS

Gudi Padwa celebration underway in Mumbai

Though know by different names in different parts of India, this day is celebrated as the traditional new year as per the Indian lunisolar amanta (amavasyant) calendar.

In Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka, Telugu people and Kannadigas celebrate Gudi Padwa as Ugadi or Yugadi, in Gujarat, Sindhi hindus celebrate this day as as Cheti Chand.

When is Gudi Padwa celebrated?

Gudi Padwa is celebrated on the first day of the bright phase (shukla paksha) of the moon in the month of Chaitra according to the Hindu calendar. It starts after amavasya and the word According to the Gregorian calendar, this falls in mid-April every year.

Gudi Padwa marks the arrival of Spring season (Vasant Ritu) and farming community, especially in Maharashtra and Goa, celebrates Gudi Padwa as their harvest festival. Many Indian calendar has adopted the Chitradi year cycle and all states following this system celebrates the first day of Chaitra month (though the festival name may differ from state to state).

Image Source: IANS

People celebrating the arrival of New Year on Gudi Padwa

Significance of Gudi Padwa

Gudi Padwa is one of the most important harvesting seasons for the farmers. It marks the end of Rabi season and the beginning of Kharif.

Sun is placed in the house of the first zodiac Aries at this time of the year.

According to mythology, Lord Brahma created the universe on this day.

Gudi Padwa day marks the beginning of the spring season. The 9 day Chaitra Navratri starts on this day.

Important Timings On Gudi Padwa

SunriseApril 06, 2019 6:18 AM
SunsetApril 06, 2019 6:40 PM
Pratipada Tithi BeginsApril 05, 2019 2:20 PM
Pratipada Tithi EndsApril 06, 2019 3:23 PM
Place : Ujjain [ India ] See More

Rituals of Gudi Padwa

In Maharashtra during this time, a traditional 'gudi' is found placed in every local household. This is a long bamboo stick which is adorned with a beautiful green or yellow cloth ornamented with brocade work. Over this, an inverted copper pot, some neem leaves, mango leaves, red flowers and sugar crystals are placed as part of tradition. This is placed on the right side of the house; usually a window or the terrace of a house is the place of choice such that it is visible to everyone around. This is believed to keep evil away and bring good fortune and prosperity at home.

Image Source: Prokerala.com

Gudi is placed in every household to keep evil away and for good fortune

A 'gudi' is symbolic of victory. According to Marathi history, Chhatrapati Shivaji and his forces won over foreign infiltrators and hoisted a 'gudhi' as a symbol of victory.

Gudi is also associated to the Brahma purana that speaks of it as the 'flag' of Lord Brahma that was placed after He created the world. In many historical tales, 'gudi' is also associated with the return of happiness when Lord Rama came back to his kingdom after completing fourteen years of exile.

People clean and wash their homes on this day. They decorate the household with rangoli and wear new clothes. Feasting is an important part of Gudi Padwa festival and special dishes are prepared on this day.

People start their day with the intake of a special paste that contains neem leaf extract, tamarind and jaggery. Other dishes prepared are Shrikhand, Puran Poli, Kanangachi kheer (made of coconut, jaggery and sweet potato) and Sanna (steamed spongy rice cakes).

Gudi Padwa festival dates between 2016 & 2026

YearDate
2016Friday, 8th of April
2017Wednesday, 29th of March
2018Sunday, 18th of March
2019Saturday, 6th of April
2020Wednesday, 25th of March
2021Tuesday, 13th of April
2022Saturday, 2nd of April
2023Wednesday, 22nd of March
2024Tuesday, 9th of April
2025Sunday, 30th of March
2026Friday, 20th of March

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