The Shivaratri vrata is a very powerful and auspicious vratham that is dedicated to the Supreme Lord Shiva. The greatness of this vrata is mentioned in the all the major Hindu puranas. The Skandha Purana especially provides all the details and other information for observing the Shivaratri vrata. There are four main Shivaratris mentioned in the Skandha Purana. The Nitya Shivaratri is the first one which is observed daily, that is, every night. The next one is called as Masa Shivaratri and is observed every month on the Chaturdasi (14th day) of the Krishna Paksha (the waning or diminishing phase of moon). The Maga Shivaratri is then the third one and is observed for a period of thirteen days in the Hindu month of Maga. It starts from the prathama (first) titi and ends on the Chaturdasi (fourteenth) night when Lord Shiva is worshipped for the whole night. The fourth Shivaratri is the main and is called as Maha Shivaratri. It is observed on the Chaturdasi (14th day) of the Krishna Paksha (the waning phase of moon) in the month of Maga. The Maha Shivaratri is observed in major parts of the country and is celebrated in a grandeur manner.

Next Masik Shivaratri Date in 2020 : June 19 Friday

Shivaratri Puja Time : June 20, 12:07 am - June 20, 12:49 am

View All Dates in 2020

Rituals of the Shivaratri Vrata

  • On the day of Shivaratri vrata, the observer of this vratham should get up early, before dawn and meditate about the Supreme and infinitely auspicious Lord Shiva. They then take a bath and wear new and clean clothes. Wearing a Rudraksha mala and applying ‘vibuthi’ (sacred ash) is considered to be an important part of the ritual.
  • The observer of the shivaratri vrata should visit a nearly Lord Shiva temple and perform the Shiva Linga ritual bath with water, milk, honey and other auspicious substances. While giving bath to the Lingam, the devotees ask forgiveness for their sins and pray to seek His blessings.
  • After the sacred bath, as a ritual haldi and kumkum is applied on the Shiva Lingam, and a pink and white lotus garland is offered to the Lord. Lighting of incense sticks and ringing the temple bells is also a part of the ceremony.
  • All through the day, bhajans and aartis are sung to invoke His blessings. It should be noted that unlike other vratas wherein a feast is observed after completion of puja, in the shivaratri vrata the devotees must fast all through the day as well as night.
  • The observer of this vrata should also keep vigil all night while enchanting the ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ mantra. During the Shivaratri vrata there is a practice of giving a holy bath to Shiva Linga every three hours.
  • Special prasadam in the form of fruits is offered to the Lord. The devotees spend their time by listening to the stories and legends of Lord Shiva, along with devotional songs and hymns. The Shivaratri fast is broken on the next day by consuming the prasad along with other disciples of Lord Shiva.

Important Timings On Masik Shivaratri

Shivaratri Puja Time June 20, 12:07 AM - June 20, 12:49 AM
Place : Ujjain [ India ] See More

As per the Hindu mythology, the observer of the Shivaratri vrata gets the power to conquer the two natural forces that trouble the human form, namely the ‘tamas’ guna and ‘rajas’ guna. While spending the day meditating about Lord Shiva, the devotees get a better control over the ill emotions like jealousy, covetousness and anger. For the ardent disciples of Lord Shiva, observing the Shivaratri vrata is more equal or even more auspicious than performing the powerful Ashwamedha Yagna. It is also believed that a person, who observes the Maha Shivaratri vrata with full discipline and sincerity, would be absolved for all their sins. They ultimately get united with the supreme power and live happily in the abode of Lord Shiva. Such a devotee is also set free from the repeated cycle of birth and death.

All Masik Shivaratri dates in 2020 and Shivaratri Puja Time

January 23rd
Thursday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Jan 24, 12:12 AM - Jan 24, 1:04 AM
February 21st
Friday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Feb 22, 12:14 AM - Feb 22, 1:05 AM
March 22nd
Sunday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Mar 23, 12:09 AM - Mar 23, 12:57 AM
April 21st
Tuesday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Apr 22, 12:02 AM - Apr 22, 12:47 AM
May 20th
Wednesday
Shivaratri Puja Time : May 21, 12:01 AM - May 21, 12:44 AM
June 19th
Friday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Jun 20, 12:07 AM - Jun 20, 12:49 AM
July 18th
Saturday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Jul 19, 12:11 AM - Jul 19, 12:54 AM
August 17th
Monday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Aug 18, 12:08 AM - Aug 18, 12:53 AM
September 15th
Tuesday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Sep 15, 11:58 PM - Sep 16, 12:45 AM
October 15th
Thursday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Oct 15, 11:47 PM - Oct 16, 12:37 AM
November 13th
Friday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Nov 13, 11:45 PM - Nov 14, 12:37 AM
December 13th
Sunday
Shivaratri Puja Time : Dec 13, 11:54 PM - Dec 14, 12:48 AM

Other Related Festivals