Mauni Amavasya (Hindi:मौनी अमावस्या), also known as ‘Mauna Amavasya’ is a unique Hindu tradition observed on the amavasya (no moon day) during the Hindu month of Magha. It falls during the month of January-February as per the Gregorian calendar. Mauni Amavasya is also referred as 'Maghi Amavasya' as it is observed in the month of Magha. The word 'mauni' or 'mauna' signifies silence, therefore on this chosen day, most of the Hindus observe complete silence.

Mauni Amavasya 2023 is on January 21, Saturday

5 months and 1 day to go for the event

Mauni Amavasya images Image Source: IANS

People take holy dip in the Ganga river on Mauni Amavasya

There is another significant ritual associated with this day known as Mauni Amavasya Snan. This practice of taking a holy bath is very predominant during the Kumbh Mela and Magha Mela.

Mauni Amavasya is a day dedicated for spiritual sadhna. This practice is very popular in different parts of the country, especially in northern India. The celebrations of this festival are very distinguished in Allahabad, in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. During the Kumbh Mela in Prayag (Allahabad), Mauni Amavasya is the most important day for bathing in the holy Ganges and is popularly referred as the day of ‘Kumbh Parva’ or ‘Amrit Yoga’. In Andhra Pradesh, Mauni Amavasya is celebrated as ‘Chollangi Amavasya’ and it is also known as ‘Darsh Amavasya’ in other regions of India. Mauni Amavasya is therefore a day to attain knowledge, happiness and wealth.

Mauni Amavasya Image Image Source: IANS

Hindu devotees gather for a holy dip at Sangam on `Mauni Amavasya`

Rituals during Mauni Amavasya:

The devotees get up early on the day of Mauni Amavasya to take holy dip in the Ganges at sunrise. If a person cannot visit any pilgrimage destination on this day, he/she must add little Ganga ‘jal’ to the bathing water. It is widespread belief that while taking bath, one must remain quiet. On this day devotees also worship Lord Brahma and recite the ‘Gayatri mantra’.

After finishing the bathing ritual, devotees then sit down for meditation. Meditation is a practice that helps to concentrate and attain inner peace. On the day of Mauni Amavasya any wrong actions must be avoided.

Some of the devotees observe complete ‘mauna’ or silence on the day of Mauni Amavasya. They abstain from speaking all day long and only meditate to attain the state of oneness with self. This practice is known as ‘Mauna Vrat’. If a person cannot keep, mauna vrat, for the complete day, he/she must maintain silence until finishing the puja rituals.

On the day of Mauni Amavasya, thousand of Hindu devotees along with the ‘kalpavasis’ take a holy dip in ‘Sangam’ at Prayag and spend the rest of the day in meditation.

Mauni Amavasya Image Source: IANS

An ascetic performs rituals on Mauni Amavasya at Sangam

In the Hindu religion, the day of Mauni Amavasya is also appropriate for relieving pirtu dosh. People offer ‘tarpan’ to their ‘pitrs’ or ancestors to seek forgiveness and attain their blessings. On this day people offer food to dog, crow, cow and kusht rogi.

Offering charity is another important ritual for the day. ‘Magha’ is an important month in the Hindu calendar. On this day people donate food, clothes and other essentials to the poor and needy people. There is also a ritual of offering sesame (til) oil to Shani Dev.

Mauni Amavasya 2023 Date and Timing:

Sunrise21 January, 2023 07:13 AM.
Sunset21 January, 2023 06:02 PM.
Amavasya Tithi Begins 21 January, 2023 06:18 AM.
Amavasya Tithi Ends22 January, 2023 02:23 AM.
Place : Ujjain [ India ] See More

Significance of Mauni Amavasya:

In the Hindu religion, practicing silence or ‘mauna’ forms an integral part of spiritual discipline. The word ‘mauni’ comes from another Hindi word ‘muni’ meaning a ‘sanyasi’ (saint), who is a person practicing silence. Hence the term ‘mauna’ aptly symbolizes attaining oneness with self. In the ancient times, renowned Hindu guru Adi Shankaracharya himself stated ‘mauna’ to be one among the three foremost attributes of a saint. In the modern times, Ramana Maharshi, a Hindu Guru propagated the practice of silence for spiritual attainment. For him silence is more powerful than thought or speech and it unites an individual with its self. An individual must practice Mauni Amavasya to calm a restless mind.

The practice of taking a dip in the holy waters is also very significant for Hindu followers. As per the Hindu scriptures, it is believed that on the auspicious day of Mauni Amavasya, the water in the holy river of Ganges turns nectar. Therefore on this day devotees from far and wide take a bath in the holy Ganga River. Not only this, the whole of the month of ‘Magha’ right from Paush Purnima to Magha Purnima is ideal for the bathing ritual, but the most significant is the day of Mauni Amavasya.

Mauni Amavasya festival dates between 2019 & 2029

2019Monday, 4th of February
2020Friday, 24th of January
2021Thursday, 11th of February
2022Tuesday, 1st of February
2023Saturday, 21st of January
2024Friday, 9th of February
2025Wednesday, 29th of January
2026Sunday, 18th of January
2027Saturday, 6th of February
2028Wednesday, 26th of January
2029Sunday, 14th of January

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