Sankashti Chaturthi (Hindi: संकष्टी चतुर्थी, Telugu: సంకటహర చతుర్థి, Tamil: சங்கடஹர சதுர்த்தி, Gujarati: સંકષ્ટી ચતુર્થી ) also called Sankatahara Chaturthi in south Indian states, is an auspicious festival for Hindus, celebrated in honour of Lord Ganesha.

Next Sankashti Chaturthi is on Friday, June 17, 2022

Sankashti chaturthi Jun, 2022 tithi timing: June 17, 6:11 am - June 18, 2:59 am

→ View all Sankashti chaturthi dates in 2022

It is observed during every Hindu Calendar month on the ‘chaturthi’ (fourth day) of the Krishna Paksha (the waning phase of moon). Furthermore when Sankashti Chaturthi falls on a Tuesday, it is popular as Angarki Chaturthi and is considered to be the most auspicious of all the Sankashti Chaturthi days.

Sankashti Chaturthi Image Source: Prokerala.com

Sankashti Chaturthi is observed on the chaturthi tithi (fourth day) of the Krishna Paksha of every Hindu calendarmonth

The celebrations of Sankashti Chaturthi are prevalent in both northern and southern states of India. In the state of Maharashtra, the festivities are even more elaborate and grandeur. The word ‘sankashti’ has a Sanskrit origin and it implies ‘deliverance during difficult times’ whereas ‘chaturthi’ means ‘fourth day or the day of Lord Ganesha’. Therefore on this propitious day devotees worship Lord Ganesha to help them overcome all the obstacles in life and come out victorious in every tough situation.

Rituals of Sankashti Chaturthi:

On the day of Sankashti Chaturthi, devotees get up early and dedicate the day worshipping Lord Ganesha. They observe a strict fast in the honour of their deity. Some people can also keep a partial fast. The observer of this fast can only devour fruits, vegetables and roots of plants. The staple Indian diet on this day comprises of peanuts, potatoes and sabudana khichadi.

Sankashti Ganesh Chaturthi Vrat Image Source: Prokerala.com

The Sankashti puja is done in the evening, after seeing the moon. The idol of Lord Ganesha is decorated with Durva grass and fresh flowers. A lamp is also lit during this time. Other usual puja rituals like lighting incense and reciting the Vedic mantras are also performed. After this the devotees read the ‘vrat katha’ specific to the month. The fast is broken only after worshipping Lord Ganesha in the evening and sighting of the moon.

Special ‘naivedya’ comprising of modaks and other favourite eatables of Lord Ganesha is prepared as offering. This is followed by an ‘aarti’ and later the prasad is distributed among all the devotees.

On the day of Sankashti Chaturthi, special puja rituals are also dedicated to Moon or Chandra God. This involves sprinkling water, chandan (sandalwood) paste, consecrated rice and flowers in the direction of moon.

On this day it is auspicious to recite the ‘Ganesha Ashtothra’, ‘Sankashtnashana sthothra’ and ‘Vakrathunda Mahakaya’ to name a few. In fact any other Vedic mantras dedicated to Lord Ganesha can be chanted.

Sankashti Chaturthi tithi timing June, 2022

Chaturthi Tithi TimingJune 17, 06:11 AM - June 18, 02:59 AM
Place : Ujjain [ India ] See More

Sankashti Chaturthi Image Source: IANS

Lord Ganesha is worshipped as the God of prosperity, good fortune and freedom

Significance of Sankashti Chaturthi:

On the sacred day of Sankashti Chaturthi there is a special significance in sighting the moon. The ardent devotees of Lord Ganesha believe that by praying to their deity with dedication, especially on the Angarki Chaturthi day, all their desires will be fulfilled and they will lead a prosperous life. Childless couples also observe the Sankashti Chaturthi vrat to be blessed with a progeny.

As Sankashti Chaturthi is observed every Lunar month, in each month God Ganesha is worshipped with different peeta (Lotus petals) and name. There are total of 13 vrats, with each vrat having a specific purpose and story, known as ‘vrat katha’. Therefore there are 13 ‘vrat katha’ in total, one for every month and the last katha is for ‘adika’ that is the one extra month that comes every four years in the Hindu calendar.

The details of Sankashti Ganapati puja for every month are given below:

Hindu Lunar Month Name of Lord Ganesha Name of peeta
Chaitra Masa Vikata Maha Ganapati Vinayaka Peeta
Vaishaka Masa Chanakra Raja Ekadanta Ganapati Srichakra Peeta
Jeshta Masa Krishna Pingala Maha Ganapati Sri Shakti Ganapati Peeta
Ashada Masa Gajaanana Ganapati Vishnu Peeta
Shravana Masa Heramba Maha Ganapati Ganapati Peeta
Bhadrapada Masa Vignaraja Maha Ganapati Vigneshwara Peeta
Ashweeja Masa Vakrathunda Maha Ganapati Bhuvaneshwari Peeta
Karthika Masa Ganadipa Maha Ganapati Shiva Peeta
Margashira Masa Akuratha Maha Ganapati Durga Peeta
Pushya Masa Lambodara Maha Ganapati Soura Peeta
Maga Masa Dwijapriya Maha Ganapati Samanya deva Peeta
Palguna Masa Balachandra Maha Ganapati Agama Peeta
Adika Masa Vibhuvana Palaka Maha Ganapati Doorva Bilva Patra Peeta

Sankashti Chaturthi Ganesh Image Source: IANS

The story of each of this vrat is unique for every month and is recited in that month alone. As per the Hindu scriptures, on this holy day Lord Shiva declared the supremacy of His son, Sankashti(another name for Lord Ganesha) over other Gods, except Vishnu, Lakshmi and Parvati.

From then onwards, Lord Sankashti is worshipped as the God of prosperity, good fortune and freedom. It is believed that on the day of Sankashti Chaturthi, Lord Ganesha, for all His devotees, bestows His presence of Earth. The significance of Sankashti Chaturthi vrat is mentioned in the ‘Bhavishaya Purana’ and ‘Narasimha Purana’ and was also explained by Lord Krishna himself, to Yudhishtira, who is the eldest of all Pandavas.

All Sankashti Chaturthi dates in 2022 and Chaturthi Tithi Timing

January 21st
Friday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Jan 21, 8:52 AM - Jan 22, 9:14 AM
February 20th
Sunday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Feb 19, 9:56 PM - Feb 20, 9:05 PM
March 21st
Monday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Mar 21, 8:20 AM - Mar 22, 6:24 AM
April 19th
Tuesday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Apr 19, 4:39 PM - Apr 20, 1:53 PM
May 19th
Thursday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : May 18, 11:37 PM - May 19, 8:24 PM
June 17th
Friday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Jun 17, 6:11 AM - Jun 18, 2:59 AM
July 16th
Saturday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Jul 16, 1:27 PM - Jul 17, 10:49 AM
August 15th
Monday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Aug 14, 10:36 PM - Aug 15, 9:02 PM
September 13th
Tuesday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Sep 13, 10:37 AM - Sep 14, 10:25 AM
October 13th
Thursday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Oct 13, 1:59 AM - Oct 14, 3:08 AM
November 12th
Saturday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Nov 11, 8:17 PM - Nov 12, 10:26 PM
December 11th
Sunday
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Dec 11, 4:15 PM - Dec 12, 6:49 PM

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