Stomach, one of the most important organs of the digestive system is the seat of origin of this cancer type. It is also referred to as the gastric cancer.
Adenocarcinoma- the most frequent type: It happens to be the leading category of stomach cancer. By means of this cancer type, the glandular tissues lining the innermost core of the stomach is initially affected by the malignant formation.
Common symptoms of stomach cancer
Can be quite insidious initially
The stomach cancer can go without any symptoms in its initial phase of development. The symptoms are prominent enough to show up in the advanced/later stages of development. By this time the malignancy might have metastasized quite a bit.
Bloating and discomfort in the abdomen
These are some of the leading symptoms of stomach cancer. These in turn can give way to trails of nausea, appetite loss and generic feel of discomfort. Even a limited consumption of food can give way to a generic feel of discomfort.
Disturbed sequence of digestion and heartburns are pretty common. The first stage of stomach cancer type is marked by frequent indigestion apart from bouts of burning sensation.
A wide array of symptoms in the later stages of development
With the gradual metastasis of the malignant growth, a wide array of symptoms can show up including stomachache, bouts of vomiting & bleeding (while vomiting and passing stool). The disturbance in the digestive physiology can in turn give way to diarrhea or its other extreme in constipation.
Consequently, the later stage of the cancerous development is marked by anemia and weight loss. In this stage of prognosis, it can affect the adjoining organs with the virtual drainage of the stomach.
Can be obstructive
Depending on the location of the malignant tumor, stomach cancer can also create obstruction in the intestines.
Risk factors and antecedents of stomach cancer
- Frequent infections caused by Helicobacter Pylori
- Genetic elements
- Tobacco smoking
- Excess or inadequate use of iodine
Stomach cancer- its scope
Stomach cancer initiating in the glandular cells of the organ is quite fast in its various stages of progression. Making its way via the wall of the organ, the malignancy can eat into the adjoining organs.
Adjoining organs likely to be affected are
- Lymph nodes
Stomach cancer can spread through the circulatory system: By means of the lymphatic system and bloodstream, the malignancy may also affect other organ systems of the body.
Cure for stomach cancer
Mode of treatment is case specific
Obviously, the mode of treatment will depend on the location, size and range of metastasis. The treatment regimen will also depend on the health and tolerance threshold of the individual patients.
Traditional modes of cure
Surgery is one of the preferred modes of treatment, particularly if obstruction is involved. Surgery often involves complete or partial removal of the organ. At times, partial removal of intestines and that of pancreas may be necessary.
EMR or endoscopic resection - has come up as one of the latest alternatives to surgery. By means of this treatment, tumor as well as the interior lining of the organ is removed with the help of an electrically operated endoscope. The process thus ceases to remove the entire stomach.
Relevance of chemo/radiotherapy
Researchers and practitioners often prefer relying on chemo/radiotherapy as a treatment for the cure of stomach cancer. They are used either before or after the spells of surgery to get rid of the left over malignant cells.
Antibody drugs for curing stomach cancer are in the process of being developed.
Natural cure for stomach cancer
Some of the herbal curative options for stomach cancer include the use of Indian gooseberry. As part of the research for cancer cure, the herbal option has been found to be equipped with anti-cancer features.
Apart from this, 'Lu Feng Fang'- an herbal item of Chinese origin has also been found to be quite effective in the herbal treatment regimen of cancer option.
Prevention of stomach cancer
Important to avoid risk factors
Salt has been singled out as one of the factors conducive to stomach cancer. Thus, excessive consumption of salt is to be avoided.
Relevant precautions need to be taken to avoid infections caused by Helicobacter Pylori. Obesity is another incentive of stomach factor. So, that needs to be watched out as well.
Lifestyle and dietary management
Food items high in Beta Carotene as well as those in Vitamin C can decrease the possibilities of stomach cancer. Consumption of fiber rich items and unpolished cereals can be similarly effective.
Dietary management includes pertinent focus on the seasonal varieties of fruits and luscious greens. So, instead of going for the dressed varieties of animal protein, there needs to be a change in perspective towards a green and fruity combination. In the ultimate analysis, plant food needs to replace the fad for tinned food.