Meghalaya: People engage in "rat hole" mining defying the National Green Tribunal ban on the primitive surface mining method that entails clearing ground vegetation and digging pits ranging from five to 100 sq.m. to reach the coal seams. The tribunal had April 17 banned rat-hole coal mining in Meghalaya after an application was filed saying water in the Kopili river was turning acidic due to coal mining in the Jaintia Hills. Workers and children go deep into these holes to extract the coal using primitive tools such as pickaxes, shovels and buckets. Mining activities in Meghalaya are controlled by the state's indigenous people who own the land. There are many disadvantages caused by this unscientific method of mining as it not not

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