You may be reading a lot and hearing some great advises from your dear ones about pregnancy but still it may be hard to know if what you're feeling during your nine months is normal or not.
To make it simple, we have come up with a list of symptoms that you should look out for. If you feel to have any of these problems, our suggestion will be to call your doctor straight away. Also, please try to avoid taking any over-the-counter medicines without consulting your doctor.
1. Pain in your middle or upper tummy
If you feel severe or sharp pain in your middle or upper tummy, with or without nausea or vomiting, may mean one of the following possible things:
Acidity or heartburn
But,if you're in the second half of your pregnancy, this pain could indicate 'pre-eclampsia' which is a serious condition that requires immediate attention.
2. Pain in your lower belly
Another similar condition of severe pain on either or both sides or your lower belly needs to be examined even though it may not be as serious as the first condition. The pain may have surfaced if you have pulled or stretched a ligament, which is common in pregnancy, else it may indicate any of the following :
An ectopic pregnancy
Fibroid breaking down and bleeding into itself
Placental abruption, when the placenta separates from the lining of your uterus (womb)
A fever with your temperature above 100 degrees F, but with no flu or cold symptoms, needs to be immediately attended by your doctor on the same day. But if your temperature rises higher than 102 degrees F for a long time, it may be harmful to your baby and you need to call your doctor immediately.
Vision disturbances in the second half of your pregnancy needs to be immediately addressed by your doctor. The underlying problem may be a sign of pre-eclampsia and can also be one of the following:
Lights that last for more than two hours
5.Swelling or puffiness of the hands, feet, face or eyes
One common condition is swelling or puffiness (oedema) of the hands, feet, face or eyes and in most cases, there is nothing to worry about. However, please consult your doctor if your swelling is severe or comes on suddenly, with a headache or problems with your vision, as the condition may even develop to pre-eclampsia.
6.Severe headache that won't go away
If you have a bad headache that lasts for more than two or three hours, and in addition you have vision disturbances and severe swelling in your body, you may have pre-eclampsia. Consider this as severe only if you are in the second half of your pregnancy and contact your doctor immediately.
7.Light or heavy vaginal bleeding
Light bleeding without pain is common in early pregnancy. A major cause is the breakthrough bleeding, during which hormones that drive your menstrual cycle continue strongly enough to cause light bleeding.
Bleeding indicates a serious complication at any stage during pregnancy. Check for the following signs :
Bleeding lighter in flow or darker in colour than usual along with a severe, persistent pain in your tummy may be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy.
Heavy bleeding with persistent back or abdominal pain may be a sign of miscarriage.
Sudden, painless bleeding may happen if you have a low-lying placenta (placenta praevia),seen at your 20-week scan.
Dark bleeding with clots underlines you have placental abruption, that occurs when the placenta starts to separate from the wall of your uterus.
Heavy bleeding without pain in less than 37 weeks of pregnancy may mean you're going into premature labour.
Heavy bleeding is rare in the later stages of pregnancy.
8.Sudden increase in thirst
Thirsty and your urine is dark yellow, it may be a sign of dehydration. And if you're thirsty and feel the urge of urinating more than usual, it could be a sign of gestational diabetes. These conditions increase the risk of complications for you and your baby.
9.Burning sensation or pain when urinating
Burning sensation or pain while urinating may refer to a condition called urinary tract infection (UTI) and the following signs may require you to consult your doctor:
Painful or burning sensation when passing urine
Pass cloudy, bloody or smelly urine
Pain in your pelvis, the lower part of your abdomen, the lower part of your back, or in your side
Constant vomiting will dehydrate and weaken you, but very little does it hurt your baby. Severe vomiting (more than two to three times a day) in the first trimester needs to be checked by a doctor.
Also, vomiting starts later in pregnancy, or if vomiting is accompanied by pain and/or a temperature, make sure to visit your nearest clinic.
Vomiting accompanied by diarrhoea could be a sign of food poisoning or a tummy bug. If you experience pain during vomiting accompained by temperature/fever, it could mean you have a kidney infection.
11.Fainting or dizziness
Fainting or feeling light-headed may be a sign that you have low blood pressure, which is common in early pregnancy. One of the reason is the pregnancy hormone progesterone relaxes the walls of your blood vessels. Some may even feel dizzy during pregnancy. But do not wait more if you faint, to see your doctor.
12.Slowing down of your baby's movements
Evey mom-to-be feels the baby's movements and if it stops or slow downs for more than 24 hours after 21 weeks it may mean your baby is in distress. You may contact a doctor when you notice your baby is moving about less than usual.
13.Itching all over
Never remain silent if you experience severe itching all over your body and that too at night as you may have obstetric cholestasis (OC). OC, a liver condition when your urine turns dark and stools becomes paler than usual. Another underlying condition may be jaundice.
14.A fall or a blow to the stomach
Many may feel that falls or blows aren't always dangerous, but during pregnancy, please call your doctor on the same day and explain what happened. But again, don't worry much as your baby is well cushioned by your uterus and amniotic fluid.
But in case of the following rare cases complications please consult your doctor right away, or go to your nearest available hospital:
15.Leaking of fluid from the vagina
Fluid from your vagina before 37 weeks may mean that your waters have broken early. You may need to immediately go to hospital for the doctor to check on your baby's health and give you treatment to prevent an infection.
The possibility is once your waters have broken, you have less protection against infection and you may need to prepare for a premature birth. A specialist team on hand in the hospital will ensure you and your baby get the right care.