Hatchback is a typical car body type consisting of two boxes and its distinguishing features are having a sloped back and a door in the rear that opens upward.
The question that arises is whether if vans, SUVs and station wagons also belong to the hatchback bracket or not? Well they don’t. The reason is that these car models have a vertical back instead of a sloped back like hatchbacks. Beside hatchbacks do not use D-pillar like these cars.
The hatchback model type made its first appearance as early as the 1930s and since then has enjoyed huge popularity among the consumers worldwide.
Examples of the earliest hatchback models in the world include the Traction Avant Commerciale by Citroën in the year 1938. Year 1946 witnessed the launch of a hatchback named Suburban by the automobile manufacturer DeSoto. Aston Martin introduced DB2 in 1953. The success of these models influenced the designing and manufacturing of more such models.
The hatchback models are available in three door (two doors for entry and a door for the hatch) and five door (four doors for entry and a door for hatch) versions. Both are equally popular. Though the 3 door hatchback version is not much seen on the Indian roads, they are popular in the east European car market.
A hatchback is in general a family car and mostly suitable for city limits. Hence it doesn’t have a good market popularity in certain areas of the globe, such as Africa, South America and some regions of the Asian continent where the terrains are rough.
According to the Indian auto market the Hatchbacks are termed as,
- Mini Hatchback - Tata Nano, Maruti Alto, Chevrolet Spark
- Compact Hatchback - Hyundai Santro, i10, Eon, Maruti Suzuki Ritz
- Mid size Hatchback - Maruti Suzuki Swift, Ford Figo, Hyundai i20
- Luxury Hatchback - Volkswagen Beetle, Mini Cooper, Mercedes Benz B180