Generally starts off as a cancerous tumor affecting the tissues of the bone. But there is a point to take note of. Just as all tumors thriving on bone tissues, may not be malignant; similarly all cancerous growth affecting the bone may not start off in the bone or tissues involving it. Consequently, there are two variations of bone cancer.
Bone cancer that is primary, has its origin in the bone. On the other hand, that of the secondary type, has its origin elsewhere, but gets to affect the tissues of the bone.
Bone cancer of the primary type includes several categories
- Osteosarcoma- initially affects the osteoid tissue. The cancerous formation of this kind tends to affect the knee, elbows and upper arms.
- Chondrosarcoma- The cartilaginous tissue tends to be affected by this type of bone cancer. Cartilaginous tissues padding the shoulder, pelvis and upper leg tend to be affected by this cancer type.
- Ewing Sarcoma- This cancer type can affect bones as well as soft tissues surrounding the same. Consequently, blood vessels, fibrous tissue, fat and muscles can also be affected.
Symptoms of bone cancer
- Bone pain: Pain happens to be one of the most familiar symptoms of bone cancer. It is likely to be more acute with the passage of time. Earlier on, the pain is likely to surface at night or under strains of physical activities, but with the rapid progression of the malignant tumor, the pain tends to be more generic in nature.
- Bone tumor: The malignancy affecting bone may have its origin in a mass like lump. The lump can feature on the bone as well as on the tissues adjoining it. The tumor generally exercises weakening influence on the bone. Moreover if the growing tumor exerts unwanted pressure on the adjoining nerves and blood vessels; things can take a serious turn with the likely consequences of numbness and possible impairment to the flow of blood.
- Bone fracture, tenderness and swelling: Unaccountable fracture of the bone can be one of the likely symptoms of bone tumor. As the growing tumor weakens the vitality of the bone tissue, fracture tends to be one of the likely fallouts. The affected bone may also manifest the signs of tenderness. Swelling of the joint and places adjoining it is another possible symptom.
- Other manifestations of bone cancer: Weight loss, anemia, fever, bouts of sweating and that of chilling are some of the other symptoms of bone cancer. But, they are likely to show up with the gradual metastasis of the malignancy to the other parts. Some more secondary symptoms of bone cancer include hypercalcemia, nausea, drowsiness and loss of immunity. With tumor affecting the regions in and around the spinal cord, paralysis may also be one of the outcomes.
Stages of bone cancer
The first stage is in two phases. The initial phase of the first stage is marked by little or no metastasis. The tumor is still localized. But with the tumor pressing the wall of the bone tissue, minimal swelling may be noticeable. But the cancer is yet to break the bounds of the bone tissue. The second phase of this stage reflects gradual growth, with tumor trying to spread through the wall of the affected tissue.
In the second stage of bone cancer the tumor is marked by rapid growth and gets to acquire a bigger shape. But even at this stage, it is yet to affect the surrounding parts. In the later part of the second stage, there is a gradual breakthrough with the tumor trying to eat into the adjoining tissues. The localization is ultimately broken through at this stage of bone cancer.
In the third stage of bone cancer the cancerous formation tends to affect the adjoining bones and other nearby body parts. Generally speaking, besides affecting other bones, bone cancer tends to affect the lungs.
Treatment options for bone cancer
The traditional modes of allopathic treatment for bone cancer include chemo and radiotherapy, uses of certain medication and possible application of surgical measures including the deals of amputation. Medicated formulas based on 'biophosphonates' are often prescribed to add to the vitality of the affected tissue. Certain formulations are also prescribed intravenously to reduce the bouts of pain.
The patient's response to chemotherapy can be one of the determinants with regard to curability of bone cancer because as a rule, higher success rate has been observed with cases that react better to chemotherapy. The treatment regimen of bone tumor will be deemed as successful, provided there isn't any growth or metastasis over the span of five years following the completion of the treatment.
One of the alternative treatment modes for bone cancer gears to the use of minerals. The mineral oriented treatment for bone cancer focuses on the use of minerals that are congenial to the vitality of the bone tissue. For instance, Cesium Chloride is supposed to be one of the helpful incentives. Some of the treatment protocols based on natural options include the use of Omega-3, Vitamin C, Calcium and Lactic acid.
Besides adding to the health of bone tissues by the regularized consumption of milk and milk based products, supplements of magnesium and strontium can also add to the strength of one's bones.
Tips for prevention of bone cancer
By adding an edge to the deals of blood circulation, both physical exercises as well as yoga can help prevent bone cancer or for that matter any other bone centric disorders.
Genes and heredity have fare share to play with respect of bone cancer. Thus, a person hereditarily predisposed should be particularly careful with regard to their lifestyle and dietary management.
As far as lifestyle and dietary management are concerned, stress should be on greens and grains. Minimized consumption of saturated fat and bidding good bye to smoking can go a long way towards ensuring relief from cancers of most kinds.