Resulting from an excess growth and accumulation of yeast, yeast infection is one of the different forms of fungal infection. The fungi causing yeast infection is also referred to as 'Candida'. Though there are more than twenty kinds of 'candida', the one causing yeast infection is known by the name of 'Candida albicans'. On being facilitated by various conditions, they grow and multiply in number.
Causes of Yeast infection
- Caused by the over accumulation of yeast- a variety of fungus.
- Warm and moisture prone atmosphere aids the growth of yeast leading to infection.
- Cuts and wounds on moisture prone surfaces can lead to yeast infection.
- Use of certain steroids and antibiotics facilitate the growth of yeast infection.
- Indiscrete uses of birth control measures in forms of pills also contribute to yeast infection.
- Certain physiological conditions such as menstrual period, pregnancy and menopause may also facilitate the growth of yeasts.
- People with weak immune system are also prone to being affected by yeasts.
- Use of infected needles for injection may also bring about yeast infection.
- Diabetes and poor hygiene may also cause yeast infection.
Different types of Yeast infection
- Candidiasis or yeast infection may affect different areas of human body.
- Generally affecting warm and moisture prone areas, yeast infection can affect armpits/underarms.
- Folds beneath the breasts and abdomen can also be affected.
- Oral cavity or area covered by diaper may also be affected by yeast infection. The infection affecting the oral cavity is generally referred to as the 'thrush' infection; whereas the one affecting the babies is referred to as the 'diaper rash'.
- In adults yeast infection may affect areas of dentures.
- As part of cardiac disease yeast infection may affect the whole system.
- Nail and scalp may also be affected by yeast infection.
- Yeast infection may also affect the vagina, commonly referred to as 'vaginal yeast infection'.
- It may also affect the breast while breast feeding.
- Being sexually transmitted it may affect the penis. Diabetes and use of certain antibiotics may be the other reasons behind penile yeast infection.
Symptoms of Yeast Infection
- Depending on the area of occurrence, the symptoms of yeast infection usually vary.
- As far as the one affecting the oral cavity is concerned, thick curd like layer may accumulate as patches on tongues or dentures.
- There may be redness on tongue as well.
- The area affected is usually painful.
- Eating becomes painful in cases of oral infection.
- Yeast infection affecting skin may appear as red rashes with sharp edges.
- The rashes may lead to itching and pain.
- Diaper rashes are similarly red and itchy.
- Yeast infection affecting the vagina is marked by thick and curd like discharge from the same.
- On account of the vaginal infection, the vagina as well as its surrounding area is affected with itching and irritation.
- Painfully burning sensation may be felt during intercourse and urination.
Diagnosis of Yeast infection
- In order to diagnose yeast infection usually a scraping of the infected area is put on microscopic for thorough review.
- A solution of potassium hydroxide is used to separately demarcate the infecting cells of yeast.
- According to another method a sterile scraping is used as a swab on the infected area. Following which the swab is cultured with the help of a medium so as to detect the presence of fungal cells.