BMI is ultimately an index coined to assess the body composition and weight risk – if you are underweight or obese. Started as a tool to assess weight issues of a population section rather than for individual use, today this has evolved into a daily-use household too.

Some scientifically proven facts about BMI:

Future weight of children can be anticipated by BMI

Scientists in a new study have concluded that future weight can be forecasted by looking at children’s BMI. The conclusion was made after analyzing the data containing length and weight of almost over 4,700 children, since the time of birth to the age of eight years.  

Obesity leads to many other unhealthy conditions and unlike being overweight, is considered as a disease. 

The researchers recommend to take important measures to treat interventions as well as prevent the development of excessive weight and obesity in childhood.

Normally, children usually gain a peak in their BMI development at about nine months of age, and about six years of age, the BMI curve goes the opposite in a declining manner and then shoots up again. 

The results of the study highlight that some children who often have an above average BMI development index neither have a peak or a dip in their curve. This helps to predict the child's future weight by measurements at age one and at age five.

Losing BMI weight lowers the risk of diabetes 

New research established the fact that lowering BMI by almost five units dramatically lowers risk of diabetes, in spite of the initial weight of a person. 

The findings reveal that diabetes in even severely obese patients can also be prevented and reduced whatever the starting weight of the person is. Losing five BMI units can dramatically reduce your risk of having type 2 diabetes, after two and ten years.

For an 180cm tall 35-year-old man weighing 130kg, losing five BMI units is equivalent to 16kg (BMI 40), which is a definite difference to health and reduces the likelihood of having type 2 diabetes and this is true for all patients, as even those who were severely obese showed dramatic improvements.

Weight of people concentrated around the middle and with a normal BMI  increases the risk of death

Normal BMI People whose weight is centered in the middle of the body are prone to risk of death from any cause when compared to those who are overweight or obese but carry their weight elsewhere. 

The findings of the research also mention the researchers found that only normal weight and obese people with central obesity were at increased risk of all-cause mortality when compared with the normal weight participants without central obesity. Also, the results showed that all participants with central obesity, in spite of BMI, were at greater risk for cardiovascular deaths.

Calculate your Body Mass Index: BMI Calculator

Pre-pregnancy BMI is closely related to excess weight gain during pregnancy

Excessive weight gain during pregnancy affects the health of a mother and her baby, and a new research has found that pre-pregnancy body mass index or BMI and ethnicity might signal a likelihood for obesity later in life for young mothers - women who gave birth between the ages of 15 and 24. 

The study published in the journal PLOS ONE recommend physicians to have a more caring attitude for adolescent women and should use BMI before pregnancy to determine if a young mother will gain too much weight during pregnancy, which is considered a risk factor for later obesity.

Coronary heart disease is proportionate to Body Mass Index (BMI)

According to a research from the Million Women Study, Coronary heart disease (CHD) increases with age and also with an increase in body mass index (BMI). 

The research links the increase of weight with increased risk of CHD which is considered equivalent to that caused by getting older.

The chances of developing CHD increases even with a slight increase in BMI and the study reveals that the fact this is true not only in the heaviest but also in women who are not usually considered obese. 

Certain recommendations are made by scientists : in order to have a balanced BMI by leading a healthy lifestyle by quitting smoking, avoiding excess alcohol consumption, and being physically active may go a long way to prevent the occurrence of CHD for most of the people in the population.