Let’s start with basics. I know many of you have heard and even seen patients who suffer ADHD and ASD. But how many of you know the difference?
What is ADHD?
In elaborated form, it is also called as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. This is a form of brain disorder.
Some of the symptoms that show more signs of the disorder are:
- Hyperactivity: These individuals are usually very fidgety and hyperactive in their actions.They talk a lot, move a lot, act restless, and such children need a lot of activities to remain engaged.
- Inattentiveness: They are not able to stick their focus on anything. Their thoughts keep wandering in split seconds and remain disorganized. People mistake the character for defiance- but that is not true.
- Impulsive: Quick unexpected actions and decisions are common They do things when they feel like. Not much thought go into actions and sometimes they could induce harm onto themselves.
What is ASD?
This is a developmental disorder and that could affect the way such children communicate, respond and behave in many situations. You can see problems within the first three years of the child being born.
Some of the symptoms are:
- Never maintain eye contact.
- Find it difficult to listen and follow people.
- Hesitant to share and show their things to people
- Five Researches That Could Life Easier for ADHD and ASD
The Digital Medicine
In the digital age, when we all crank our heads worrying about the demerits of technology and the way kids use this – there lies one segment of the world that have shown the positive effects on digital age on children.
At the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, they found a new ‘digital medicine .
The medicine was designed as a part of a series of investigation to understand the capacity of the autism as a whole.
In due course, they came up with a thought that-A video game- could have possibilities to act like a digital medicine for such children. How is that possible?
The experiment showed chances of improving the sensory and motor stimuli of ADHD and ASD children while they played a video game.
Also, when they compared the results between both the disorders, they found the children who had cognitive functional disability- would find this method to be very effective.
Children who have ADHD and ASD; have a lot of problems coping with school, learning new skills, engaging in sports, understanding instructions and so on.
The video game experience is fun and educational for the children. They learn to think and control their fingers at the same time.
It improves their skill to plan and complete each task .and this will form the basis of understanding the child’s cognitive ability and also their level of improvement.
School and Age are Deciding Factors
Do children who join school early- find it difficult to cope with their older peers? Could their incompetency possibly mean that there are signs of autism in their body system?
Well, in a recent research, this assumption seems to be true. Yes, it is sad, but it is not always the case.
Due to the fact that the children are not able to cope with their peers (coz of their younger age, parents become over concerned with their performance in school.
It is true that much younger children find it difficult to sit and concentrate to classes and teachings for many hours. So, they end up being restless and fidgety.
So, when tested- they may show signs of ASD or ADHD.
Researchers also point out that some children are naturally boisterous and this does not necessarily have to be connected to ADHD.
But, when the child has to go through a series of tests, and treatments; the story becomes different. Then that could affect their thinking and cognitive abilities.
Research points out those children who are born the first few months of the year do not show such a problem and they can cope with school.
But children who are born in August or later- if immediately placed in school; could find it difficult to cope and thereby may be diagnosed with symptoms of such disorders.
But if such children are placed in school in the next academic year along with children of their own age- they could manage life and school activities better.
Support from schools
If your child has ADHD, understand that there is a society to support them. You too can guide them with the help of the research given below.
At the University of Exeter, they have found out that schools can play a very positive role in supporting a child with learning and cognitive disorders.
Latest research points out that a school can support a child and even improve their academic outcomes.
This is especially with regard to children with ADHD and that will surely bring happiness to many families.
On a detailed study done in schools, it was found that at least 5% of the children who go to school have the problems of ADHD. This in other word means that roughly at least one child in every class shows symptoms of ADHD.
Apart from not focussing, such children get moody, they fight, and find it very difficult to share or show their belongings to their classmates.
When they act reluctant, this will naturally affect their relationship with their peers in the class.
Of course, researchers’ state that there are medicines for all this- but if there is a natural method- that would be better for the tot in the long run.
How schools can help cure ADHD?
As mentioned above, children do face a lot of problems while sitting in school for so many hours. But if they lovingly taught to behave well – this can make a difference in their lives.
For this, a teacher or school caretakers need a lot of patience and dedication.
For example, when a child is moody or fussy- the teacher needs to take her time to train the child to control such behaviour.
It is not a strict military rule that is needed here, but rather pure love is what is called for here.
When the child is repeatedly reminded of acceptable and non acceptable behaviour- then they themselves can identify their black spots and control and correct on their own.
This does take time, but such disorders can be cured eventually.
Research feels the need to keep daily report cards for such children.
If daily targets (small ones) are given, children can focus more and they feel happy to achieve them.
This way they can monitor their performance in class, and even in society.
Slowly, overtime, research states that they can even control their very own triggers and thereby think and behave like normal children.
This needs individualistic attention, but if the society works on this- the disorder can be bid goodbye.
Train the parent
Well, if the schools have a role in improving the lives of children, so does the parents. Let us check out how parents can help, and guess what- this too is something to do with a medicine free treatment.
Last year, a fantastic research at the Aarhus University and it went to highlight how parents can support and improve the preschool children who suffer from ADHD.
A routine care schedule can make a lot of difference in the lives of these children.
The study highlights that parents need to focus on behavioural treatment and ot entirely rely on medicines for improvement.
Intensive interactions, communications and follow-ups with ADHD specialists can make a lot of differences in the lives of these children.
Research says that nothing needs to be complicated. Start the support and interventions from everyday settings and from basic day to da activities.
Small aspects like making them more attentive, learning to sit in one place, finishing a task, listening to your instructions, responding to your calls, identifying colours, shapes and people – are those that can be done.
Slowly parents can help them control their frustrations, fussiness and inability to interact with others in the long run.
Understand that the intervention should be done by people who the child is comfortable with. Never start off such treatments with caretakers, as children tend to get uneasy and nervous.
The basic objective is to make the children understand that they do have a problem- but also give them the belief that it can be cured. Plus, give them the assurance that you will be with them even on the darkest of the days.
Stimulants work for ADHD
Medicines and treatments have been formulated for many years, and still the research pace continues until today. This time researchers have found a new lit hope in the world of stimulants.
For the Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), stimulant medications have proved their worth in research.
When children use the stimulants, they seem to show short term improvements with regard to their memory power and also their ability to adjust to a certain environment.
Some minor aspects like knowing that you have to stand ad wish the teacher, raise your hand to answer a question, understanding that a problem needs to be worked out or completed in class- such memory power will get boosted and improved over a small period of time.
Another interesting fact was that such child who took stimulants were able to hold their attention in a certain class or activity for longer periods of time than usual.
When they perform a bit more better in school, they feel more confident and the personal inhibitions get diminished in the long run.
The Way to a ADHD Free Life
Research gives hope to so many families to make their children stand out in lie. But they point out that society, families, friends, educational institutions and medical experts need to put a lot of effort, patience and willpower to bring these children back to normal.
So, quit relying on medical treatments alone and go for your own attempts alongside – as this has proved to show more worthwhile results on the ADHD and ASD children.