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Skin problems - acne, black spots and oily skin

Teenage is a very awkward time in everyone’s life. For some lucky folks, puberty could hit them like a bus. If you look at the cast of the first Harry Potter movie, they were just average looking kids. Some would even call their looks a bit dorky. However,  for most of them puberty was a breeze. If anything, they just turned hotter and better looking. 

This however, is not the case of many teenagers. Along with the body parts behaving like they’ve got a mind of their own, there are various skin problems that they have to deal with. From oily skin, painful pimples that leave behind blemishes looking like craters, to hair growth and body odor- teenagers face it all. Research suggests that teenagers are more prone to developing confidence issues and even depression.  Lets dive into some of the skin problems that teenagers face these days.

Oily skin

Thanks to the raging hormones that are clueless, most teenagers suddenly find their faces getting really oily. After a day out in the sun, the oily skin suddenly feels so grimy and sticky. This is where the oily skin is not our friend. It attracts all the dust and dirt in the environment. This together with the oiliness create a pimple outbreak. Read about home remedies for oily skin here

Eczema

Apart from extremely oily skin in teenage, there is another condition that can flare up at this time. This is none other that the itchy, scaly and sore eczema. Most children who had eczema in their childhood would have outgrown it by teenage. However for some, the hormonal changes may trigger a flare up causing an incessant itch, followed by a sore, broken and inflamed skin.Read more about eczema here.

Pimples

Most teens complain of the painful bumps on their face. These bumps can be pus-filled as well. Pimples if popped leave behind scars and blemishes. So as tempting as it may seem to be, do not pop your pimples.  Pimples, apart from being unsightly can be a cause for low self confidence. 

Puberty is also a time when boys begin to shave. It is best to shave in the direction of hair growth. It is best to just go over the area twice and not to frequently rub over and over again with the razor. Make sure you use only sharp razors, as blunt razors can give you some really nasty scars. Shaving against the direction of hair growth in the hope of getting a closer shave is absolutely wrong. This can leave you with bump on the skin. These bumps can later become infected. 

Blackheads

They are nothing but acne in a different form of acne. However instead of trapped sebum as in the case of acne, blackheads have trapped hair follicles. Hence appearing black. Apart from the face they can appear on the chest, back and even arms.

Facial hair

Apart from developing hair in the armpits and the nether regions, a small percentage of girls start to  develop facial hair. This is attributed to hormonal imbalances. Development of facial hair in girls could be sign for PCOD (Poly cystic ovarian disorder).

Body odor

Of all of the above symptoms, excessive sweating and body odor is probably the most embarrassing one. Apart from sweating buckets, it is the unmistakable pungent odor that can be cause for a major confidence problem in teens.  Maintaining good body hygiene along with bathing once or more daily is impertinent. Use anti antiperspirants can help for those who sweat a lot.

Home remedies for common teen skin problems

  • You can get relief from acne by using over the counter medications like benzoyl peroxide. 
  • Use water based make-up products if you have oily skin.
  • Do not exfoliate the skin a lot. Gentle exfoliation is the way to go about it.
  • Cut down on fried and greasy foods.
  • Those with oily skin may use alcohol based products as alcohol can dry out the excess oil in the skin.
  • Instead drink lots of water for better, hydrated skin.
  • For oily skin use non greasy moisturizer. 
  • For dry skin use non perfumed, thick moisturizer.
  • To deal with acne outbreaks, keep the hair from getting oily and greasy. Oily hair especially if let loosely, close to the face can cause acne. 
  • Use antiperspirants to tackle excessive sweating and body odor.
  • Teens have a newfound liking to tight clothing like tights and skinny jeans. However, it is wearing clothes that are light and airy that can help you in the summer months. 

Research findings regarding skin 

Acne linked to depression

A recent research finding that came as a surprise to many was that acne could be linked to depression. This research was the first in terms of the one that analyzed the most medical records database in the world. This risk for depression was highest in the first few years after acne diagnosis. To be specific, the number of years is 5 years. 

The risk for developing depression in those diagnosed with acne was the highest at 63% in the first year of diagnosis. This study is proof enough that skin diseases can affect a person’s mental state too. For someone with acne, it not just merely a skin condition but something that plays at the back of the head, affecting self-confidence and poor body image.

Acne and multiple schlerosis

Patients who are diagnosed with early stage of MS, could get relief using something as simple as acne medication. Minocycline, a common acne medication can slow the progression of multiple schlerosis. MS is an autoimmune that affects the brain and spinalcord. MS affects the myelin covering of the nerves. This is where the drug Minocycline helps by reducing the damage caused to myelin. This helps in reducing the inflammation and helps render the patient symptom free. 

Minocycline is a drug that has been around for about 50 years! Thus a simple acne medication that helps remove pimples and can help counter the effects of multiple schlerosis. This not only makes the treatment simple but can also help bring down the treatment costs of multiple schlerosis. 

Chemical peels to treat acne in dark-skinned individuals

Chemical peels have long been used to treat pimples and acnes. Chemical peeling is also used to treat spots on the skin. Chemical peels have however been associated with swelling, reddening and even pigmentation. It was also believed that chemical peels can have a negative effect on people of darker skin. Side-effects of chemical peeling in darker complexions was found to be a lot reduced if the chemical peeling was done in the winter season. Then the side-effects of redness, dark-spots and crusting was found to be extremely reduced. This was attributed to limited sun exposure during the winter season.