School Education: In Kerala, School education is divided into 3 different stages, viz.,

  • Primary
    • Lower Primary ( Classes I - IV )
    • Upper Primary ( Classes V - VII )
  • Secondary
    • Secondary ( Classes VIII - X )
  • Higher secondary
    • Higher Secondary ( Classes XI - XII )

Primary or Elementary Education: Is the basic stage in schooling. Primary is further divided into Upper Primary (UP) and Lower primary (LP). Apart from the the primary schools there are pre-primary institutions which include Anganvadis, Independent primary schools and other institutions attached to schools.

Number of Primary Schools in Kerala
Schools Govt. Pvt. Aided Pvt. Unaided Total
L P School 2551 4003 158 6712
U P School 957 1870 124 2951

Secondary (High School) and Higher Secondary education: This serves as a bridge between the Elementary and Higher Education to prepare young persons of the age group of 14 to 18 for entry into higher education.

Number of Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools in Kerala
Schools Govt. Pvt. Aided Pvt. Unaided Total
High School 984 1409 215 2608
Higher Secondary Schools 416 512 339 1267

Vocational Schools: These were setup as part of the scheme of vocationalisation of secondary education and the scheme was implemented in 1988 and later revised in 1993. The main aim of implementation of such a course is to train the students for some occupation, business, profession or trade.

Number of Vocational Schools in Kerala
Schools Govt. Pvt. Aided Pvt. Unaided Total
Vocational H.S.S. 247 128 - 375

Higher Education: This refers to the education at college or university level and is divided into Graduation (Bachelor's degree) and Post-Graduation (Master's degree). With the colleges offering a wide variety of courses in various branches of study to choose from, the students are provided with ample opportunities to specialize in fields of their interest. All colleges in Kerala are affiliated to one of the seven Universities of the state.

Number of Arts and Science Collegesin Kerala
Government Private Unaided Universities
38 148 5 8

Professional Education: With the introduction of the new educational policy by the state government, which enabled private colleges on Self-Financing basis, a number of colleges offering professional education commenced throughout the state. Admission to most of these colleges are based on the marks obtained in the entrance examinations. Self-Financing colleges offer 50% seats on merit basis and the rest in management quota.

Number of Professional Colleges
Type of Institutions Number
Medical Colleges 9
Pharmacy Colleges 11
Dental Colleges 9
Homeo Colleges 5
Engineering Colleges 77
Nursing Colleges 31
Poly Technics 121
Ayurveda Colleges 10
Agricultural Colleges 9
Food Craft Institutes 7

Women's Education: The government is committed to bring about basic change in the status of women through education. Education helps in the emancipation of women and thereby improving their standard of living. Female literacy rate in Kerala is 87.7, which is higher than the rate in any other Indian state. Emphasis had been laid on enrolling and retention of girl in normal schooling and non-formal education.

Adult Education: This include both general (reading and writing) and vocational education, often through evening classes. Such classes are conducted throughout the state, especially in rural and tribal areas, by government organizations and voluntary associations.