Dudhwa National Park is an important wildlife conservation site in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, under the district of Kheri, along the Indo-Nepal border. The national park is also a part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve along with Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary. Dudhwa National Park is spread over an area of 490 Square Kilometres and is renowned for abundance of Barasingha or Swamp Deer, along with one-horned Indian Rhinoceros and Tigers. The park displays an astonishing diversity of flora and fauna. Unlike other national parks of the country like Kaziranga and Corbett, the environment at Dudhwa National Park is not much commercialised and retains its natural charm. The park is indeed an ideal destination for wildlife lovers willing to spend you days in peace in the lap of nature.
The Dudhwa National Park was formerly known as the ‘Sonaripur Sanctuary’. Few years after India’s independence the population of swamp deer started declining, and therefore in an effort towards conservation of the rare species, the sanctuary was upgraded and came to be known as Dudhwa Sanctuary. In the year 1977 more forest area was added to the sanctuary and it was then declared to be Dudhwa National Park. After eleven years, the park together with two other wildlife sanctuaries became a major centre of Project Tiger and was called as Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
Attractions at the Park
Dudhwa National Park is known to have the finest Sal Forests of the country. Some of the trees here are more than 70 feet tall and over 150 years old. Besides the Dudhwa National Park also has extensive stretches of wet marshes and massive grasslands.
The park is known for the large population of Swamp Deer or Barasingha. This species of deer is only found in India and Dudhwa National Park alone has more than half of the total population of Barasingha present on Earth. The other fascinating wildlife of the park includes tigers, ratel, sloth bear, leopard cat, hog deer, spotted deer, barking deer, the Indian rhinoceros and many more. Hispid Hare is one of the rare species of animal that was nearing extinction and now has been discovered in Dudhwa National Park.
Dudhwa National Park is a heaven for bird lovers with over 400 varied species of birds present here. Being located at the foothills of the magnificent Himalayas, the area is also surrounded by lakes and swampy grounds, making it an ideal resting place for the migratory birds. Banke Tal is the favourite area inside the park for bird watchers. Some of the birds commonly spotted here are grey heron, cormorants, teal, egrets, woodpeckers, hornbills, orioles, bee eaters, bulbuls and amazing species of owls. The avifauna at Dudhwa National Park is indeed remarkable.
Information about the Safari
The best way to explore the forests of Dudhwa National Park is through the jeep and elephant safari organised by the Forest Department. Elephant Safari is a fun means to discover the park and also sight the wildlife creatures. While on the elephant’s back, visitors get a better view of wildlife sighting without disturbing the animals. It is also a safer option for spotting the majestic predators. Also as most the area inside the Dudhwa National Park is swampy; elephant safari turns out to be a more convenient option.
Jeep Safari is full of thrill and adventure. Wildlife enthusiasts prefer it over elephant safari as it is quicker and offers you to explore the wilderness more closely. The open roof vehicle can take a total of six passengers along with a trained driver.
The duration of the safari is three hours for both morning and afternoon shift.Timings:
The Park remains open from 6am to 6pm. The morning safari timing is from 7am to 10am while the afternoon shift starts from 3pm to 6pm.Entry Pass and Permits:
Entry to the Dudhwa National Park can be from the forest director of the park. Visitors need to pay a nominal amount as entrance fee of the park.Dos and Don’ts Within the Park:
- Maintain silence within the park to avoid distraction to the animals
- Playing transistors or radios is not allowed
- Drive slowly and do not park your vehicle anywhere in the park
- Do not wear flashy clothes inside the park
- Wearing perfumes or scented oils is also not advisable
- Night driving is not allowed
- Do not get close to the animals or even try to feed them
- Eatables and drinking water
- Mosquito repellents
- Cameras with spare batteries and films
Safety Measures to be Followed
Park is full of wild animals therefore getting off from your safari anywhere inside can turn out to be risky. It is always best to maintain a safe distance from the wild animals. Dudhwa National Park is a remote location, so carry ample money and medical facilities to avoid any inconvenience.
Best Time to Visit the Park
The Dudhwa National Park remains open from 15th of November to 15th of June. The best time to visit the park is from the months of November till May, of which January is the main tourist time. The temperature during this time ranges between 20⁰C to 30⁰C and the climate remains pleasant. During the summer months from March to May, the mercury level rises up to 35⁰C. During the time of monsoons, the place receives heavy rainfall and the park is closed.
Nearby Tourists Attractions
Palia is a chief tourist’s attraction located at a distance of 10kms from the Dudhwa National Park. It is a peaceful destination to spend some time in solitude.
Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary is a part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve and also a popular wildlife destination of the state of Uttar Pradesh. The sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna and was founded in the year 1972.
Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1975 and is included in the Project Tiger along with Dudhwa National Park and Kishanpur National Park. The sanctuary is home to rare species of wildlife making it a must visit destination for adventure enthusiasts.
The optimum timing for sighting wildlife inside the park is at the time of dawn and during late afternoons. Visit the Dudhwa Forest Office to gather all information about the park right from safaris to accommodations.