Govatsa Dwadashi is a unique Hindu festival that is dedicated to worshipping the cows as a thanksgiving gesture for their help in sustaining the human life. It is also popularly known as ‘Nandini Vrat’ and is observed on the ‘Dwadashi’ (12th day) of the ‘Krishna Paksha’ (the period of waning phase of moon) in the ‘Ashwin’ month of the traditional Hindu calendar. This date falls in the months of October to November in the English calendar. Govatsa Dwadashi falls one day before the celebrations of ‘Dhanteras’. On Govatsa Dwadashi Hindu devotees worship ‘Nandini’, the divine cow. It is believed that by doing so all their wishes will be fulfilled. It is celebrated with immense enthusiasm in all parts of the country. In Maharashtra this day is observed as ‘Vasu Baras’ and is the first day of the Deepavali festivities. On Govatsa Dwadashi, the ‘Sripada Vallabha Aradhana Utsav’ is held at Pithapuram Datta Mahasamsthan in the state of Andhra Pradesh while in Gujarat it is celebrated as ‘Vagh Baras’.

Govatsa Dwadashi 2022 was on October 21 Friday

Rituals during Govatsa Dwadashi:

  • Cows are worshipped on Govatsa Dwadashi. A ritualistic bath is given and vermillion is applied on the forehead. The cows and their calves are then beautifully decorated with bright clothes and garland of flowers.
  • On Govatsa Dwadashi devotees also make idols of cows and their calves from mud, if they cannot find a cow close by. These mud idols are then adorned with kumkum and turmeric. An ‘aarti’ is performed in the evening.
  • Various offerings are made to cows like gram and sprouted moong. The offerings made are symbolic of Nandini on earth.
  • Devotees also offer prayers to Sri Krishna, who is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and had profound gratitude and love for cows.
  • Women observe a vrat or fasting on this day for the well-being of her children. They cannot eat or drink anything during the day and can only take one meal. The observer of the Nandini Vrat must refrain from physical activity and keep vigil all night. However if a person desires to sleep, he/she must do so on the floor and avoid sleeping on the bed.
  • In some regions, people abstain from drinking cow’s milk and consuming curd and ghee on the day of Govatsa Dwadashi.

Important Timings On Govatsa Dwadashi

SunriseOctober 21, 2022 6:30 AM
SunsetOctober 21, 2022 5:52 PM
Dwadashi Tithi BeginsOctober 21, 2022 5:23 PM
Dwadashi Tithi EndsOctober 22, 2022 6:03 PM
Govatsa Dwadashi Pradosh Puja Time October 21, 5:52 PM - October 21, 8:24 PM
Place : Ujjain [ India ] See More

Significance of Govatsa Dwadashi:

The significance and legend of Govatsa Dwadashi is mentioned in the ‘Bhavishya Purana’. The purana also states the story of Nandini, the Divine cow and her calves. In Hinduism, cows are considered very sacred. They are even worshipped as holy mothers as they offer nourishment to mankind. On Govatsa Dwadashi women keep a fast for a long life of her children. It is a popular belief that if a childless couple perform the Govatsa Dwadashi puja dedicatedly and keep a fast, they will be blessed with happiness of a child. In some parts of Northern India, Govatsa Dwadashi is also referred as ‘Vagh’, which implies repaying one’s financial debts. Therefore on this chosen day businessmen clear their accounts book and do not make further transactions in their new ledgers. A person who worships cows on Govatsa Dwadashi will be bestowed with abundance and healthy life.

Govatsa Dwadashi festival dates between 2019 & 2029

2019Friday, 25th of October
2020Thursday, 12th of November
2021Monday, 1st of November
2022Friday, 21st of October
2023Thursday, 9th of November
2024Monday, 28th of October
2025Friday, 17th of October
2026Thursday, 5th of November
2027Tuesday, 26th of October
2028Sunday, 15th of October
2029Saturday, 3rd of November

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