Navratri (Hindi: नवरात्री, Gujarati: નવરાત્રી) or Shardiya Navratri is celebrated with great zeal across Northern and Eastern India. Navratri is the symbolic celebration of nine nights of battle of the good against the evil with the result of victory of the good on the tenth day. During this period, Mother Durga is worshipped as the deity of power, energy and wisdom.

Navratri 2020 Starts on October 17, Saturday

Navrati ends with Saraswati Visarjan on October 23, Friday. The tenth day is Dussehra , which falls on October 25, Sunday.

Image Source: Kuntal Chakrabarty/IANS

When is Navratri 2020 celebrated?

Navratri is usually celebrated twice in a year—once during spring (Chaitra Navratri) and once during autumn (Sharad Navratri). Both these times witness planetary changes as per the lunar calendar.

Sharad Navratri 2020 or Maha Navratri is commonly celebrated during the Indian month of Ashvina that commences from the first day of the lunar fortnight. As per the English calendar, it usually falls in the months of September and October.

The Festival is celebrated for nine nights and devotees pray, take part in the Dandiya Raas and Garba and offer prasad to please Goddess Durga.

Durga Puja is celebrated from the sixth day of Navaratri. This will continue for 4 days and then end with Vijayadashmi.

Know it all: The Real Story behind Durga Puja

Spiritual Significance of Navrathri

According to mythology, there are different tales behind the inception of Navratri.

Mahishashur, the King of Demons had started a war against the Gods in heaven. To combat him, all Gods including the trinity of Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu pooled in their divine powers to give birth to the mother of power and 'Shakti'. Thus Goddess Durga was created and she with her power and wisdom killed Mahishasur after nine nights of furious battle against him. The tenth day of victory is thus celebrated as Vijaya Dashami- the day of victory of good over the evil.

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Lord Rama was about to enter a war against Ravana to save Sita from his imprisonment in Lanka. Before starting the battle, Rama worshipped Goddess Durga seeking her blessings. For the puja, he required 108 lotuses. To complete the count, when Rama was about to remove one of his eyes, Goddess Durga emerged and blessed him with her divine 'shakti'. Rama won the battle on that day.

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Uma, the daughter of Daksh—the king of the Himalayas is said to come home for ten days during Navratri. Uma married Lord Shiva and this festival celebrates her home coming on earth.

Image Source: Kuntal Chakrabarty/IANS

Navratri: Nine Avatars of Goddess Durga

For nine nights, people observe the festival with utmost devotion and prayers. Each day is dedicated to one avatar of Durga Maa. Based on this, devotees have to wear the right colours on each day. Do you know what colour to wear on each Navratri night? Take a look!

Day 1:Shailaputri /Pratipada

On Pratipada, Goddess Shailaputri is worshipped. Shaila means mountain and putri means daughter. Since Goddess Parvati is the daughter of the Mountain God, she is given importance on this day.

Day 2: Brahmacharini/ Dwitya

On Dwitya, Goddess Brahmacharini is a form of Durga Devi and she is one who reduces anger. Hence, the second day is dedicated for this Goddess.

Day 3: Chandraghanta/ Tritya

On Tritiya, devotees worship Chandraghanta. It is believed that she has a third eye and fights against evil demons. During puja, jasmine flowers are offered to make her pleased. 

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Day 4: Kushmanda/ Chaturthi

On Chaturthi, the day is dedicated for Goddess Kushmanda. Her name means cosmic eggand she is known to spread energy and warmth to everyone.

Day 5 Skandamata/ Panchami

On Panchami, Goddess Skandamata is one who rules over Budha (the Mercury planet). She is revered as it is believed that she is fierce and loving.

Day 6 Katyayini/ Shashti

On the sixh day called Shashti, Durga is said to have taken the form of Devi Katyayani so that she could kill the King of Demons. Women offer prayers to get a peaceful married and family life.

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Day 7 Kalaratri/ Saptami

On Saptami, the day is specially dedicated to Goddess Kalaratri. She is said to be fierce and have also frightened the evil spirits all over the universe. She is the most destructive avatar of Kali Devi and rules over Lord Shani (Saturn Planet)

Day 8 Mahagauri/ Ashtami

On the eigth day, people worship Mahagauri. She wears only white clothes on this special day and rides a bull. On this day, Kanya Puja takes place- a special event dedicated for young virgin girls. This day is known as Mahashtami or even Maha Durgashtami. The day is celebrated with dance, fun and prayers.

Day 9 Siddhidaatri/ Navami

On Navami, Devi Siddhidaatri is given importance. She is powerful to fulfill all your wishes and hence the ninth day is dedicated to her.

Day 10 Vijayadashami (Dussehra)

After the 9 days of prayers, the tenth day is kept aside for Vijayadashmi. A day when new things can begin in life. It is also called Vidyarambham- an event where children are introduced into the world of education. Sindhoor Khela is a very important part of the rituals on Vijayadashmi.

Rituals of Navarathri

During the nine nights of worship, Goddess Durga is worshipped as 'Shakti'—the deity of power for the first three days; the next three days she is worshipped as Lakshmi—the deity of wealth and the last three days, she is worshipped as Saraswati—the deity of knowledge and wisdom.

During this period, devotees keep fasts and usually avoid grains, onions, meat and alcohol in their meals. Special Navratri food is prepared in North India for such devotees keeping a fast.

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In Eastern India, Navratri is celebrated as Durga Puja and is the biggest festival throughout the year. Big pandals are set up, illuminated with light and different cultural activities are held during this time.

In Gujarat and Maharashtra, the Navratri dance is known as Garba and Dandiya where local people dance wearing traditional clothes and dandiya sticks in hand.

In Goa, special zatras start during Navratri and the Saraswat Brahmin temples are decorated for the festival. Devotees worship the Dasha Maitrikas with sandalwood paste, kumkum and new clothes & ornaments.

In Kerala, on the ninth day Ayudha Puja is done to bless all the tools in the house.

Important Timings On Navratri

SunriseOctober 17, 2020 6:28 AM
SunsetOctober 17, 2020 5:55 PM
Pratipada Tithi StartsOctober 17, 2020 1:01 AM
Pratipada Tithi EndsOctober 17, 2020 9:08 PM
Abhijit Muhurat Time October 17, 11:49 AM - October 17, 12:34 PM
Ghatasthapana Muhurta October 17, 6:28 AM - October 17, 10:17 AM
Place : Ujjain [ India ] See More
Day 1
Oct 17, Saturday

Grey

The colour grey means a balance of mind and emotions. Since this is an earthy colour, it signifies humbleness and down to earth character and lifestyle. In 2020, you need to wear Grey colour on Day 1 of Navratri. The colour stands for change and transformation for the better.

Day 2
Oct 18, Sunday

Orange

Orange stands to be one of the most vibrant colours among the set of colours. So, if you wear orange on Day 2 of Navratri, it surely means that you will be blessed with happiness, creativity and a lot of positive energy. It helps the person go through problems in a calm mind with no negative feelings.

Day 3
Oct 19, Monday

White

Since the colour whie symbolises peace and harmony, it holds a lot of importance in one's life. The white colour needs to Day 3 of Navratri. By wearing this colour, the devotee will be blessed with a feeling of security, happiness and purity of thought in their life.

Day 4
Oct 20, Tuesday

Red

Red is a powerful colour that signifies love, passion, and a feel of bravery. On Day 4 of Navratri, if red is worn, it helps Hindu devotees to be blessed with vitality, loyalty and beauty for the whole year.

Day 5
Oct 21, Wednesday

Royal Blue

On the Day 5 of Navratri, wear royal blue kurtas, skirts, and sarees to bring in elegance and royalty into the festive time and also into your life. Royal blue signifies an unmatched charisma, and a passion to excel in whatever you aim in life.

Day 6
Oct 22, Thursday

Yellow

Wear Yellow shades of colour on Day 6 of Navratri to get enriched with the happiness, positivity in one’s life. Since this colour signifies warmth and joy, it will surely make the person feel calm and cheerful durinf the special day and also for the whole year.

Day 7
Oct 23, Friday

Green

The colour green means fertility, a positive growth, calmness and peace. So, this 2020, you need to wear Green coloured dresses on Day 7 of Navratri. It signifies new auspicious beginnings in a devotee’s life. Let the Goddess bring serenity into your lives.

Day 8
Oct 24, Saturday

Peacock Green

The colour peacock green signifies individuality and intelligence. On Day 8 of Navratri wear the peacock green colour to get the blessed with qualities of peace, uniqueness, and compassion towards fellow beings. Since this is a mixed colour of green and blue, it helps the devotee to get the benefit of both the colours.

Day 9
Oct 25, Sunday

Purple

The purple colour signifies peace and nobility. On Day 9 of Navratri, wear a purple shade and get bestowed with prosperity and opulence. This is a fine colour that helps to please Durga Devi in the perfect way.

Navratri festival dates between 2017 & 2027

YearDate
2017Thursday, 21st of September
2018Wednesday, 10th of October
2019Sunday, 29th of September
2020Saturday, 17th of October
2021Thursday, 7th of October
2022Monday, 26th of September
2023Sunday, 15th of October
2024Thursday, 3rd of October
2025Monday, 22nd of September
2026Sunday, 11th of October
2027Thursday, 30th of September

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